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  • Author or Editor: Francis G. Giesbrecht x
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Abstract

Roots of three sweet potato [Ipomoea batatas (L.) Lam] cultivars, Centennial, Jewel, and Pope, were harvested at three soil temperature ranges, cured for 1 to 7 days at 30°C and 90% to 95% RH, and stored at 13° to 13.5° and 90% and 95% RH. Wound healing during curing was evaluated using a rapid color test and histochemical methods. The color test was a good indicator of the lignification phase of wound healing for ‘Centennial’ and ‘Jewel’, and a fair indicator for ‘Pope’. Wound healing rates for the cultivars were similar. Roots harvested from the warmest soils (22° to 25°) had higher color scores (most wound lignification) up to 3 days of curing. After 5 days, there were ≈2.7 layers of lignified cells and one layer of wound periderm. After 16 weeks of storage, roots harvested at soil temperatures of 10° to 12° and 22° to 25° had lost more weight and developed more rots than did roots harvested at 15° to 17°, despite the fact that wound healing progress was similar. Thus, factors other than wound healing strongly influence storage stability.

Open Access