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  • Author or Editor: E. A. Stahly x
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Abstract

Cytokinins applied to axillary buds of apple shoots overcame apical dominance. Axillary buds on actively growing apple shoots produced spurs and lateral branches when treated with cytokinins. Buds on shoots that had not received sufficient chilling to break rest were also induced to grow with cytokinins.

Open Access

Abstract

The chemical 2,3,5-triiodobenzoic acid (TIBA 1,2) has been reported by workers in the United States (1,2,3,4,8) and other countries (6,7) to influence flower bud initiation and branch angle of apple trees. This report describes injury to fruits and pedicels of Golden Delicious and to foliage of Golden Delicious, Delicious and Winesap apple trees from the application of 25 ppm TIBA about 4 weeks after bloom in North Central Washington.

Open Access
Authors: and

Abstract

‘Golden Delicious’ apple trees sprayed with 50 ppm 2,3,5-triiodobenzoic acid (TIBA) 28 days after bloom had pitted fruit at harvest, but comparable control trees had none. The appearance of the pits on the fruit was similar to bitter pit. TIBA decreased the fruit Ca content and increased fruit B content. Decrease in Ca content by TIBA probably caused the development of bitter pit on the fruit.

Open Access

Abstract

The application of cytokinins and gibberellins alone and in combination to ‘Delicious’ apples just after full bloom affected fruit shape by increasing the length-to-diameter ratio of the fruits. Cytokinins caused fruits to be longer with prominent well-developed calyx lobes. The treated fruit had the appearance of fruits grown where early season temperatures are cool. Gibberellin A4 + A7 caused fruits to be longer but did not appreciably affect the development of the calyx lobes.

Open Access

Abstract

Lanolin bands containing 2, 3, 5-triiodobenzoic acid (TIBA) applied to the pedicel of apple fruits 2 to 3 weeks after bloom caused the fruits to drop. Naphthaleneacetic acid (NAA) applied to the cut end of defruited pedicels prevented pedicel abscission, but a band of lanolin containing TIBA at mid-pedicel caused most of them to abscise. Cytokinins did not prevent pedicel abscission. Indole-3-acetic acid (IAA) and gibberellins A3 and A4,7 more effectively prevented pedicel abscission of ‘Delicious’ than ‘Golden Delicious’.

Open Access

Abstract

The influence of 6 rootstocks on growth and productivity of spur and non-spur ‘Delicious’ and ‘Golden Delicious’ apple (Malus domestica Borkh.) trees was investigated. The spur-type ‘Delicious strain (‘Miller Spur’) consistently produced more fruit per tree than the regular-type strain (‘Red Prince’). In contrast, standard ‘Golden Delicious’ produced as much or more per tree than the spur-type strain ‘Goldspur’ even in the early years. ‘Miller Spur Delicious’ trees were largest on seedling rootstock, intermediate on Mailing (M) 104, and smallest on M 111, M 106 and M 7. ‘Goldspur Golden Delicious’ resembled ‘Miller Spur Delicious’ in size, except that trees were significantly smaller on M 7 than on M 111 and M 106. At the end of the 9th season, ‘Red Prince Delicious’ and ‘Golden Delicious’ were largest on seedling, followed by M 111, M 106, M 7 and M 26 in descending order. Biennial bearing of some trees on all rootstocks reduced yield and increased tree-to-tree yield variance.

Open Access