The synthetic triazole derivative 14C-labeled BAS111 (14C-BAS111) was readily translocated throughout 8-week-old apple seedlings (Malus domestica Borkh.) within 3 days of application to roots in hydroponic nutrient solution. The majority of labeled BAS111 and total 14C activity was recovered from middle leaves and root tissues. Two metabolites of labeled BAS111 were found. Both 14C-BAS111 and metabolite 1 were recovered predominantly from leaf and root tissue and from nutrient solution. Metabolite 2, however, was found almost exclusively in root tissue. The rapid degradation of 14C-BAS111 accounts for its low efficacy in comparison with other triazole growth retardants. Chemical name used: [1-phenoxy-5,5-dimethyl-3-(1,2,4-triazol-1yl)-hexan-4-ol] (BAS111).
A. Nathan Reed and David A. Buchanan
Robert C. Ebel, James P. Mattheis, and David A. Buchanan
Potted apple trees were severely (S) or moderately (M) droughted and compared to a well-watered control (C) to determine changes in biogenesis of leaf volatile compounds. Total available water (TAW) of the soil was allowed to decline to near 0% TAW, 20% TAW, and 100% TAW, for S, M and C, respectively, by the end of a two-week drying period. Twenty-nine volatile compounds were identified by GC-MS using headspace sampling of detached leaves. Concentrations of (E)-2-hexenal, (E)-2-hexenyl acetate, l-hexanol, (E)-2-hexen-1-ol and hexyl acetate were 5 to 310 times higher for S than C. It is suggested that the large drought induced increase in C-6 compounds was related to enhanced lipoxygenase activity.