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  • Author or Editor: Dae-Hyun Kim x
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Grapevine cultivars have traditionally been identified based on the morphological characteristics, but the identification of closely related cultivars has been difficult because of their similar pedigree backgrounds. In this study, we developed DNA markers for genetic fingerprinting in 37 grapevine cultivars, including 20 cultivars bred in Korea. A total of 180 randomly amplified polymorphic DNA (RAPD) markers were obtained using 30 different primers. The number of polymorphic bands ranged from three (OPG-08 and OPU-19) to nine (OPV-01 and UBC116), with an average of six. RAPD markers were used in cluster analysis performed with the unweighted pair-group method of arithmetic averages (UPGMA). The average similarity value was 0.69 and the dendrogram clustered the 37 grapevine cultivars into five clusters. The relationships among the grapevine cultivars were consistent with the known pedigrees of the cultivars. The 50 RAPD fragments selected were sequenced for the development of sequence-characterized amplified region (SCAR) markers. As a result, 16 of 50 fragments were successfully converted into SCAR markers. A single polymorphic band, the same size as the RAPD fragments or smaller, was amplified depending on the primer combinations in the 14 SCAR markers, and codominant polymorphisms were detected using the SCAR markers G119_412 and GB17_732. Among these markers, combination of 11 SCAR markers, GG05_281, G116_319, G146_365, G119_412, GW04_463, G169_515, G116_539, GV04_618, GV01_678, GG05_689, and GB17_732, provided sufficient polymorphisms to distinguish the grapevine cultivars investigated in this study. These newly developed markers could be a fast and reliable tool for identifying grapevine cultivars.

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