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  • Author or Editor: D.E. Halseth x
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Four planting and harvest dates yielded 16 lots of `Ruddy' red kidney beans (Phaseofus vulgaris L.) that were canned immediately after harvest in the fall and from storage in January and April. Late planting resulted in a high percentage of acceptable beans, but time of harvest had little effect on subsequent canning quality. The most important defect was transverse splitting from the hilum. Hilum splits, drained weight, cooked weight, and seed size were all negatively correlated with acceptability. Seed size was the most important factor determining quality, with the smallest seeds exhibiting the fewest splits. Length of storage had significant but small effects on canned seed quality.

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We report three N rate experiments conducted on a gravelly loam soil to assess the N status of potato (Solanum tuberosum L.) using a Minolta SPAD-502 chlorophyll meter. Highly significant linear and quadratic trends were obtained for the regression of N rate on marketable tuber yields and SPAD readings. SPAD readings were taken at four times during the growing season and decreased as plants aged. Based on regression analysis, the early season SPAD readings, associated with N rates giving maximum marketable tuber yields, ranged from 49 to 56 units depending on year, variety, and location. Potato variety significantly affected SPAD values in eight of the 12 situations where readings were obtained. Precision in interpretation was improved when the highest N rates were considered “reference strips” to standardize the SPAD readings across varieties and growing seasons. Our results suggest that field SPAD readings can readily identify severe N deficiency in potatoes, have the potential to identify situations where supplementary sidedressed N would not be necessary, but would be of limited value for identifying situations of marginal N deficiency unless reference strips are used.

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Abstract

In North America, dry black beans are produced primarily for the domestic and Latin American export markets. Currently, most black bean cultivars are susceptible to a broad array of viral diseases that are causing serious crop losses in the western hemisphere. ‘Black Turtle-1’ (‘BT-1’), a selection out of ‘Black Turtle Soup’, has resistance to five viruses, but is extremely susceptible to bean yellow mosaic virus (BYMV) (Prowidenti, 1983). BYMV is one of the most destructive diseases of beans in New York state. The primary purpose of this breeding program was to incorporate BYMV resistance into ‘BT-1’. Because ‘BT-1’ has a partially recumbent growth habit, which is horticulturally undesirable, a second objective was to select for a plant type similar to the standard ‘Black Turtle Soup’ (‘T-39’) or ‘Midnight’ (Sandsted, 1980).

Open Access