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  • Author or Editor: D.C. MacTavish x
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An early spring wind storm 8 days after application of granular simazine [2-chloro-4,6-bis (ethylamino)-s-tгiazine] to sandy loam soil reduced the amount of simazine in the treated area to 57% of that applied. The herbicide was deposited up to 2½ m downwind of the area of application at concentrations phytotoxic to susceptible crops. These results and observations made in other years suggest that herbicide loss by wind erosion may be more significant than loss by water erosion.

Open Access

Metolachlor was evaluated for annual grass and eastern black nightshade (Solarium ptycanthum Dun.) control in processing tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum Mill.). Metolachlor applied preplant incorporated provided excellent (> 88%) control of annual grasses and eastern black nightshade. The metolachlor, metribuzin plus trifluralin tank mix applied preplant and incorporated into the soil provided better annual grass and eastern black nightshade control than the metolachlor plus metribuzin tank mix in two of three years. Nonincorporated and posttransplant treatments of metolachlor provided good annual grass control but failed to control eastern black nightshade. Tomato yield in all herbicide treatments was similar to that from hand weeded controls. Metolachlor dissipated from the soil throughout the growing season so that at the time of harvest <10% of that applied was recovered. Metolachlor residues in the fruit were hydrolyzed to deacylated (CGA 37913) or hydrolyzed conjugated (CGA 49751) metolachlor metabolizes. Analyses of extracts from treated fruits were found to be less than the detection limit of 50 ppb in the whole fruit harvested from selected metolachlor treatments. Chemical names used: 2-chloro-N -(2-ethyl-6-methylphenyl)-N -(2-methoxy-1-methylethyl) acetamide (metolachlor); 2,6-dinitro-N,N -dipropyl-4-(trifluromethyl)benzenamine (trifluralin); 4-amino-6-(1,1-dimethylethyl)-3-(methylthio)-1,2,4-tlriazin-5(4H)-one (metribuzin); 2-(2-ethyl-6-methylphenyl)amino-1-propanol (CGA 37913); 4-(2-ethyl-6-methylphenyl)-2-hydroxy-5-methyl-3-morphol. inone (CGA 49751).

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