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Ebenezer Oluwafemi Olapade*, Ebenezer Oluwafemi Olapade Jr., Clement Akinlayo Oluwadayomi Olapade, Christiana Oluwabusayo Olapade, and John Babajide Olapade

Women normally have two ovaries as part of their reproductive organs. The ovaries function by secreting the important reproductive hormone—estrogen which regulate the monthly menstrual cycle at puberty. Each ovary also produce the eggs that carry the female gametes required to fuse with the male sperm cells in the formation of foetus. One of the abnormalities of the ovaries that had been long recognized is the development of sacs with membranous wall enclosing fluid, semi-solid matter or altered blood described as ovarian cyst which alter the size of the ovaries and make them larger. This abnormality usually disorganize the regular monthly cycles along with other complications including pains and infertility in women. The causes for the development of ovarian cysts are not clearly understood while surgical operation had been the most popular method of treatment. There is ethno-medicinal evidence for the treatment of ovarian cysts in Nigeria which dates back to more than one hundred years This paper describes how 274 of clinically confirmed cases of ovarian cysts in women between the ages of 22-52 years were treated successfully without surgery at the NARL specialist clinic, Ibadan, Nigeria in the last 16 years (1988-2004) using natural plant medicines made with the fiber of Cocos nucifera and a few other tropical plants. The implications of this finding are discussed.

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Ebenezer Oluwafemi Olapade*, Ebenezer Oluwafemi Olapade Jr., Clement Akinlayo Oluwadayomi Olapade, Christiana Oluwabusayo Olapade, and John Babajide Olapade

Many physiologically active women after reaching the age of puberty suddenly discover that their menstruation becomes irregular with longer periods of heavier flow. This situation often arise when the womb is empty without conception for a long time. The uterus is found to contain some growing masses of tissues called fibroid which may be tiny, single, many or very big. They could occupy the lumen of the uterus and referred to as intra-uterine fibroids or could develop within the walls of the uterus or on the outside wall of the uterus. They alter the shape and size of the uterus in most cases. Intra-uterine fibroids grow in size and in several cases prevent conception in young women who are eager to get pregnant, thereby leading to frustration, and anxiety. The origin and cause of fibroids is not well understood. Ethno medicinal knowledge refer to fibroids as false pregnancy because women carrying fibroids are thought to be pregnant for several years without delivering the baby. Years of ethno medicinal research at the NARL Specialist Clinic, Ibadan, Nigeria led to the compounding of natural plants which include Calotropis sp, Citrus sp and a few tropical plants that have proved successful as a remedy for intra-uterine fibroids without surgery. The existing fibroid masses within the uterus gradually diminish in size, until they disappear completely The re-growth of fibroid masses within the uterus is suppressed or inhibited This will be helpful in many cases where women who have not reached menopause can have free uterine cavity devoid of fibroids especially when they are not pregnant for several years. The problem of infertility due to fibroids can also be avoided.