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C. Frederick Deneke and Gary J. Keever

`Kees Nelis' tulips were potted five bulbs per 0.8-1 container using a commercial peat moss and perlite growing medium. Bulbs were exposed to 9C for 4 weeks, followed by 5C until the emerging shoots were 4 to 5 cm long. One day after plants were moved from the cooler to a greenhouse (14C minimum), the following treatments were applied: drench or spike (International Spike, Inc.) of 0.062, 0.25, or 1.00 mg paclobutrazol per pot; or drench of 0.25 mg ancymidol per pot. Flowering height was reduced linearly as concentration of paclobutrazol increased for both application methods; flowering height was 24.0 cm with the highest rate of paclobutrazol, 23.8 cm with ancymidol, and 27.7 cm with untreated plants. Treatments had no effect on flower diameter or time to flowering.

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C. Frederick Deneke, Leon J. Glicenstein, Kathleen B. Evensen, and Richard Craig

The postproduction quality of 33 cultivars and 178 Pennsylvania State Univ. breeding lines of Pelargonium ×domesticum L.H. Bailey was evaluated in a simulated consumer environment. Petal abscission was the primary factor that reduced postproduction ratings (PPR). The heterozygosity of some cultivars was indicated by the range of PPR of progeny from self-pollinations. This range of PPR implies that P. ×domesticum has genetic variation for postproduction quality that can be used in a breeding and selection program. Few progeny with high PPR were produced from either self- or cross-pollinations involving parents with low PPR. Many of the superior progeny resulted from parents with high PPR. Therefore, progeny with improved postproduction quality can be developed by selecting parents with high PPR.