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Sezai Ercisli, Ahmet Esitken and Fikrettin Sahin

During Fall and Winter 1999-2000 and 2000-2001, a study was conducted to evaluate the effects of exogenous IBA application (0, 2000, or 4000 ppm) and inoculation with Agrobacterium rubi (strains A1, A16, or A18) alone or in combination with each bacterial strain on rooting of hardwood stem cuttings of two rose selections (ERS 14, Rosa canina, and ERS 15, Rosa dumalis). Treatments of hardwood stem cuttings with IBA, bacteria alone and in combination with IBA were found to promote rooting. The highest rooting percentage was obtained among ERS 14 cuttings when treated with 4000 ppm IBA plus A. rubi A16. However, optimal rooting of ERS 15 was obtained when treated with 2000 ppm IBA plus A. rubi A18. Better rooting was observed in thornless ERS 15 genotype than in thorny ERS 14 genotype in both years. Chemical name used: 1H, indole-3-butyric acid (IBA).

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Ahmet Esitken, Sezai Ercisli, Cafer Eken and David Tay

Seeds of Orchis palustris Jacq. were primed for 1- to 5-day in polyethylene glycol (PEG-6000) solutions at -0.5, -1.0 or -1.5 MPa. The seeds were symbiotically germinated with BNR 8-3 mycorrhizal fungus on oatmeal agar at 22 °C. In general, priming hastened rapid germination. At -1.5 MPa water potential, the first to germinate was eight days compared to 18 days for the control. Percentage germination increased as priming water potential decreased, and the percentage germination was 55%, 58%, and 65%, at -0.5, -1.0, and -1.5 MPa, respectively, versus 43% for the nonprimed control. Priming duration from 1 to 5 days had little effect on germination performance. The best germination percentage (68%) was obtained from 1 day at -1.5 MPa treatment.