Search Results

You are looking at 1 - 2 of 2 items for

  • Author or Editor: A. Rascon-Chu x
Clear All Modify Search

The effect of epiphytic bacteria population with different ice nucleation activity (INA) on the extent of supercooling of in vitro and leaf tissue disks of greenhouse-grown Capsicum annuum L. plants was determined. Bacterial strains were isolated on PDA and King's B medium from foliar samples of weeds from commercial apple orchards in Cuauhtemoc, Chihuahua, Mexico. Bacteria were screened by colony morphology, fluorescence under UV light, while growin on King's B medium plates and screened for ice-nucleating capability at -5 °C in suspensions of 108 cfu/mL. Ice nucleating (Ice+) and non-ice-nucleating (Ice-) active strains with fluorescent capacity were isolated from symptomless leaf samples. Four bacterial strains were used with different ina as epiphytic population models. Two Pseudomonas syringae strains, Pss29A and PD, from Oregon State Univ., with high Ice+ capability; P. fluorescens A-506, in its Blight Ban™ commercial lyophilized presentation; and UC001, a native fluorescent strain from CIAD-Cuauhtemoc; both Ice-strains. Freezing tests were carried out under controlled conditions. The high Ice+ strains Pss29A and PD increased the temperature of supercooling 2 and 1 °C compared to control samples. The non-inoculated tissue showed damage over 50% at -3 °C and below. Inoculated tissue with Ice+ strains (P. syringae 29A and PD), showed damage superior to 50% at -1 and -2 °C, respectively. Conversely, at none of the temperatures assayed, Ice-strains surpassed 50% damage. These results are of interest for further development of passive strategies towards minimizing damage due to low-temperature exposure of tropical vegetable crops.

Free access

Potted 1-year-old `Starking Spur' and `Golden Delicious' trees on MM.106 were used to characterize the metabolic changes in lateral buds and rrots during their transition from para- to endodormancy. Sampling period was from 4 Sept. to 25 Nov. 1999 at 10-day intervals. Well-formed lateral buds were collected from the apical section of current growth; while root samples were white rootlets. Isothermal calorimetry at 25 °C was used to evaluated metabolic activity (q), respiration rate (RCO2), metabolic efficiency (q/RCO2), and growth rate (RSG·ΔHB). In both cultivars, q from buds showed significant differences (P ≤ 0.05) among sampling dates; `Starking' rose from 1.8 to 3.7 μW/mg dry weight (dw), while in `Golden' change was from 2.1 to 3.3 μW/mg dw. RCO2, q/RCO2, and RSG·ΔHB showed a pattern similar to q. On each sampling date, cuttings were also forced to break and, in all dates, buds broke after 21 days, demonstrating a paradormant condition. MM.106 root tips q behave differently depending on the variety they were grafted on to. When grafted with `Starking', root tips produced a small, but significant, increase in q (from 9.1 to 15.7 μW/mg dw) as the season progressed. RCO2 and RSG·ΔHB behaved similarly, increasing from 27.6 to 57.6 mmol CO2/mg dw and 3.4 to 8.3 μW/mg dw, respectively. These conditions agreed with a dynamic root growth. A small decrease in q/RCO2 was observed. However, when grafted with `Golden' root tips metabolic responses did not increase; furthermore, q decreased while RCO2, q/RCO2, and RSG·ΔHB did not show a defined pattern. Four complete 2-year-old trees of each variety, kept in 1-m3 containers, were sampled. The relation of root/wood dry matter was estimated, with difference found between varieties.

Free access