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  • Author or Editor: Yolanta Saks x
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Mature-green `Anna' apples (Malus domestics Borkh.) reddened after harvest as a result of exposure to continuous cool-white fluorescent light. Color development was most rapid at 20C but most intense at 13C. At 2C, although the induction of red pigmentation was the slowest, a 72-hr exposure rendered color not significantly different from that of red, commercially harvested fruit. The development of color was light-intensity dependent, approaching saturation at 14.5 W·m-2 (at 13 C). No differences in fruit ripening were found between fruit that developed color under artificial light and red fruit from the commercial harvest, in spite of some stimulation of ethylene production during illumination.

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A method was developed to determine the total Ca, Mg, and K content of apple (Malus domestica Borkh.) pulp based on an assay in the water-extractable fraction. Water-soluble and total levels of each of the three elements in the fruit correlated significantly (P < 0.001) at harvest. The method is accurate (cv = 4.1%, 4.1%, and 2.5% for Ca, Mg, and K, respectively) and time-saving. The total level of minerals determined by the method proposed correlated well (P < 0.001) with that obtained by acid digestion of freeze-dried apple pulp.

Open Access

In `Jonathan' apples grown in Israel, the incidence of senescent breakdown after 5 months of storage at 0C was not correlated with total or water-soluble Ca content at harvest. Likewise, no other assayed component of the water-soluble or total mineral content (P, Mg, K) of the fruit pulp at harvest correlated with the disorder after storage. After storage, a general decrease in the solubility of Ca was observed. However, this decrease was not uniform in all fruit and, as a result, the correlation between water-soluble and total Ca content, which was high at harvest, diminished after storage. Water-extractable Ca from stored fruit was negatively correlated and water-soluble K/Ca was positively correlated with the incidence of senescent breakdown, whereas total Ca was not correlated.

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