The segregation pattern of individuals originating from selfing of several monoembryonic cultivars and one polyembryonic line indicated that polyembryony in mango was of genetic nature. All the plants originating from monoembryonic cultivars bore monoembryonic fruits. A one-monoembryonic to three-polyembryonic segregation pattern was observed among individuals originated from the polyembryonic line, indicating that polyembryony in mango is under the control of a single dominant gene.
The inheritance of five polymorphic enzyme systems, aconitase (ACO), isocitrate dehydrogenase (IDH), phosphoglucose isomerase (PGI), phosphoglucomutase (PGM), and triosephosphate isomerase (TPI), was studied in selfed progenies of four mango (Mangifera indica L.) cultivars and selections. Only in `Haden' did the allozymes of all of the studied loci segregate in the expected Mendelian ratios. Distorted segregations were present in the other cultivars at some loci; three of the five analyzed in `Edward' showed distorted segregations, as did two of three loci in `13/1', and both loci in `21/6'. The distorted ratios in `Edward', a descendant of `Haden', did not appear to be associated with gametic selection because pollen viability in both of these cultivars was high. The five enzymic loci were not linked to one another in `Edward', `13/1', or `21/6'. In `Haden', however, Pgi-2 and Aco were linked, with a distance of about 19.4 map units.