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  • Author or Editor: William D. Bell x
  • Journal of the American Society for Horticultural Science x
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Tests of citrus seedlings exposed to a series of hardening temperatures showed that kumquat, Fortunella hindsii (Champ.) Swing., acquired more hardiness at 21°/10°C than did ‘Redblush’ grapefruit, Citrus paradisi Macf., or citron, C. medica L. After 8 weeks’ hardening kumquat was the most cold hardy; citron, the least. Leaf photosynthetic CO2 uptake decreased, and leaf diffusion resistance (sec/cm) increased with hardening in all cultivars, but did not reflect the degree of hardening attained. Stomatal closure during hardening was not caused by moisture stress. Ethylene evolution from leaves did not change during hardening of kumquat, mandarin, C. reticulata Blanco, or grapefruit, but did increase from hardened citron leaves.

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