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  • Author or Editor: V.L. Smith x
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Emergence of snap beans (Phaseolus vulgaris L.) in field soil in 1993–95 was enhanced by the biocontrol agent Gliocladium virens J.H. Miller, J.E. Giddens, & A.A. Foster. The fungus was applied to each seed at planting as a wheat bran alginate pellet formulation in 1993–95. Preemergence and postemergence damping-off were reduced in plots treated with G. virens. Nodulation on the roots of treated plants was numerically increased in 1993 and 1994 compared to nontreated plots. Efficacy of G. virens was reduced in 1995, probably due to high ambient temperatures at the time of planting. In plots with reduced stand, leaf area was increased and yield on a per-plant basis was larger than in plots with a better stand. Total yield also was increased in plots with fewer plants, except in 1994. Fungi isolated from failed seedlings included Fusarium spp., Pythium spp., and Rhizoctonia solani Kühn.

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Emergence of snap beans (Phaseolus vulgaris L.) in field soil in 1995 to 1997 was reduced by the addition of dried, ground canola [Brassica napus L. ssp. oleifera (Metzg.) Sinsk. f. biennis] leaves and petioles to the furrow at planting. Soil amendment with the tissue increased the number of nodules on bean roots in all years. In plots with reduced stand, leaf area was increased and yield on a per-plant basis was larger than in plots with a better stand. Total yield was increased in plots with fewer plants only in 1995. Frequency of isolation of fungi that cause damping-off was not affected by the addition of canola at planting. When used as a seed treatment and incorporated at planting, canola residues were detrimental to emergence of snap bean.

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