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  • Author or Editor: Tzong-Shyan Lin x
  • Journal of the American Society for Horticultural Science x
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Abstract

Gibberellic acid (GA3) induced cell division in subapical meristems of quiescent terminal vegetative buds and brought about bud opening and stem elongation in pistachio (Pistacia vera L.). When the subapical meristems in rachis primordia in lateral inflorescence buds were undergoing cell division, GA3 application enhanced cell division and brought about elongation of the rachis. However, application of GA3 to inflorescence buds when cell division in the subapical meristem of the rachis essentially had terminated, induced cell division in the bases of the buds with subsequent bud abscission.

Open Access

Abstract

In pistachio (Pistacia vera L. cv. Kerman), when flowers did not set or when young fruits were removed, pedicels and/or portions of the rachis or of the primary branches subtending these parts abscised. Inflorescence buds on fruiting shoots and those on nonbearing shoots treated with (2-chloroethyl) phosphonic acid (ethephon) also abscised. Abscission of the above organs, as well as of leaflets and compound leaves, occurred in definite zones. The first manifestation of the abscission process was transverse cell division in the abscission zone. A separation layer developed in the distal portion of the abscission zone in these organs. The newly formed cells in the proximal area of the abscission zone of pedicels, rachises, and ethephon-treated inflorescence buds became protective layers. However, the counterpart in abscising inflorescence buds on fruiting shoots was largely degraded as abscission progressed. Abscission of mature fruits of pistachio was not preceded by cell division but involved separation and collapse of cells in the fruit mesocarp and exocarp surrounding the distal portion of the pedicel.

Open Access

Abstract

Leaf morphology of Pistacia atlantica Desf., P. chinensis Bunge, P. integerrima Stewart, P. khinjuk Stocks, P. lentiscus L., P. mexicana HBK, P. mutica F.&P., P. vera L., and P. weinmannifolia Poisson were compared. P. lentiscus, P. mexicana, and P. weinmannifolia were hypostomatic while the other species were amphistomatic. Leaves of P. vera, which are oriented randomly, appeared to be isolateral, while leaves of the other species are dorsiventral and are oriented horizontally. Differences in the length and density of the ab- and adaxial palisade cells and in the shape of the spongy parenchyma cells were noted among species. In an effort to relate structure to function, the daily patterns of carbon dioxide assimilation rate, A, and leaflet conductance, g, to water vapor among P. atlantica, P. integerrima, and P. vera were determined under field conditions. The mean maximum Pn rates were 2.1, 1.0, and 2.0 nmol CO2 cm−2 s−1, respectively.

Open Access