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  • Author or Editor: T. J. Tworkoski x
  • Journal of the American Society for Horticultural Science x
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Abstract

Flurprimidol was injected into several species to evaluate effects on growth. Height growth was inhibited 85% in bean (Phaseolus vulgaris L. ‘Black Valentine’) and 90% in California privet (Ligustrium ovalifolium Hassk.) by the lowest flurprimidol doses (125 and 625 μg/plant, respectively). Shoot growth was further suppressed as doses increased. Gibberellic acid reversed the inhibitory effect of flurprimidol on privet. In June, height growth of field-grown yellow-poplar (Liriodendron tulipifera L.) and American sycamore (Platanus occidentalis L.) was uniformly reduced 35% by all flurprimidol doses. By late July, height growth increment decreased linearly as flurprimidol increased from 5 to 40 mg/tree. Thirty-five days after injection of 2.5 mg 14C-labeled flurprimidol in 1-year-old apple (Malus domestica Borkh.), 10% had moved into the new shoots, 1.5% into the scion phloem, and 80% remained near the injection site. A high percentage of the 14C activity was unmetabolized flurprimidol; 95% of the 14C activity in the xylem, 86% in the phloem, and 75% in the shoot. Although it is not highly mobile, flurprimidol effectively inhibits shoot growth, apparently inhibiting gibberellin synthesis. Chemical names used: α-(1-methylethyl)-α-[4-(trifluoro-methoxy)phenyl]-5-pyrimidinemethanol (flurprimidol).

Open Access

A polypropylene fabric containing control-release pellets of the herbicide, trifluralin, can be oriented in the soil to regulate the distribution of plant roots. In 1990, trenches were dug near 10-year-old red oak (Quercus rubra L.) and 10-year-old yellow poplar (Liriodendron tulipifera L.) and fabric containing trifluralin control-release pellets and polypropylene fabric alone were installed vertically to redirect root growth. Roots grew alongside trifluralin fabric and fabric alone and did not penetrate either fabric 38 months after installation. Shoot growth of yellow poplar was reduced about 47% each year by the trifluralin fabric treatment compared to control. Red oak shoot growth was not affected by trifluralin fabric. Leaf water potential was not affected by treatment in either species. Trifluralin residues in trifluralin fabric decreased from 23.3% to 22.0% from July 1990 to October 1993. During this time, trifluralin levels increased from 0.4 to 3.6 mg·kg-1 in soil sampled 0 to 15 cm below trifluralin fabric. These results suggest that controlled-release trifluralin will provide persistent inhibition of root and shoot growth of some species and will not migrate significantly in the soil. Chemical names used: α,α,α-trifluoro-2,6-dinitro-N-N-dipropyl-p-toluidine (trifluralin).

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