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  • Author or Editor: R. D. Wright x
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Abstract

Foliar application of 6-benzylaminopurine (BA) to Ilex crenata cvs. Helleri and Rotundifolia increased the number of axillary shoots per plant. ‘Helleri’ axillary shoot number was increased 4 times by 500 ppm BA whereas axillary shoot number of Rotundifolia was increased 1.5 and 3 times by 100 and 500 ppm respectively. Leaf size and shoot length were significantly reduced by 500 ppm BA.

Open Access
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Abstract

‘Burfordii’ holly was grown at day/night temperature combinations of 26°/22°, 22°/18° and 18°/14°C under either a long photoperiod (LD = 9 hours + 3 hours dark interruption) or short photoperiod (SD = 9 hours). The number and growth of new shoots were significantly greater at 26°/22° than at 22°/18° and no shoot growth occurred at 18°/14°. Leaf size was significantly smaller at 26°/22° than at 22°/18°. Holly shoot growth was greater under LD than SD. No significant temperature-photoperiod interaction was observed.

Open Access

Abstract

Ilex cornuta ‘Burfordii’ holly plants were maintained at 3-4°C for 0, 2, 4, 6 or 8 weeks. Following these treatments, the number of flowers to develop were greatest on plants receiving 6 or 8 weeks of chilling. Time required for flowering to begin and the duration of flowering was shortened by the longer exposures to cold treatment

Open Access

Abstract

Fertilizer applied during a period following the cessation of stem elongation and before the next flush resulted in greater total tissue N and shoot growth than applications made during other stages of growth in ‘Helleri’ holly. Root growth was suppressed by 3 or more fertilizer applications, regardless of the time of application.

Open Access

Abstract

The effects of 3 nitrogen treatments on tissue N fluctuations of ‘Helleri’ holly. All N concentrations increased following the cessation of shoot elongation until a concentration of tissue N was reached where a new flush of growth began. Nitrogen concentrations at which new growth began were about the same for all N treatments. The time necessary to reach this concentration was dependent on the level of N added; 5 weeks for 300 ppm, 13 weeks for 150 ppm and 18 weeks for 50 ppm N. Once new growth began, tissue N concentrations began to decrease.

Open Access
Authors: and

Abstract

Incorporation of superphosphate into a pine bark growing medium did not increase growth of ‘Hellen’ holly if the plants were subsequently fertilized with slow-release granular or a water soluble fertilizer. Tissue P levels, except for the water soluble fertilizer treatment, and medium P levels were higher as a result of superphosphate incorporation.

Open Access

Abstract

Ilex crenata ‘Helleri’ liners were greenhouse grown in sand culture and subjected to N rates which ranged from 14 to 108 ppm in one experiment and from 70 to 250 ppm in a second experiment. Maximum shoot dry weights occurred at 87 ppm N in the first experiment and at 100 ppm N in the second experiment. The number of plants per treatment initiating visible shoot elongation 17 days after the initiation of the fertilizer treatments was influenced by N treatment and 79% of the differences in final dry weights could be attributed to the time of visible shoot elongation initiation. The maintenance of 87–100 ppm N in the substrate nutrient solution, the range at which no further increase in shoot dry weight occurred, would maximize plant growth and most effectively utilize the applied fertilizer.

Open Access
Authors: and

Abstract

Higher N rates applied to Ilex crenata‘ Helleri’ holly liners grown in the greenhouse increased shoot growth but-decreased root growth resulting in a greater shoot:root ratio. Higher N rates reduced the time required for a shoot growth flush to occur. Ρ at 85-500 ppm had no effect on shoot or root growth. Continued growth of liners at 50 ppm N lowered the shoot:root ratio due to stimulation of root growth while 300 ppm N caused the shoot:root ratio to increase due to increased shoot growth.

Open Access
Authors: and

Abstract

Intemodal and stem lengths of new growth and plant diameter of dwarf Japanese holly (Ilex crenata Thunb. cv. Helleri) were significantly increased by sprays of 100, 200, or 400 ppm gibberellin A4+7 (GA4+7). GA3 was less effective than GA4+7, but also significantly increased stem length and plant diameter. Leaf size was decreased by GA3 and GA4+7 applications.

Open Access