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  • Author or Editor: Kathryn C. Taylor x
  • Journal of the American Society for Horticultural Science x
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A partial cDNA (cvzbp-1) was cloned based on the N-terminal sequence of a citrus (Citrus L.) vascular Zn-binding protein (CVZBP) previously isolated from vascular tissue (Taylor et al., 2002). CVZBP has homology to the Kunitz soybean proteinase inhibitor (KSPI) family. Recombinant protein produced using the cDNA clone inhibited the cysteine proteinase, papain. Metal binding capacity has not been reported for any other member of this family. CVZBP was present in leaves, stems, and roots but not seeds of all citrus species examined. However, CVZBP was present in germinating seeds after the cotyledons had turned green. Within four hrs after wounding, CVZBP was undetectable in the wounded leaf and adjacent leaves. It has been suggested that many members of the KSPI family serve a function in defense. However, the expression of the CVZBP is in direct contrast with those of KSPI members that were implicated in defense response. Though systemically regulated during wounding, we suggest that CVZBP is not a defense protein but rather may function in vascular development.

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Zinc in xylem and phloem of the citrus rootstock, rough lemon [Citrus jambhiri (L.)] was associated with a Zn-binding protein, designated citrus vascular Zn-binding protein (CVZBP). The apparent molecular mass of the CVZBP was 19.5 kDa after nondenaturing size exclusion chromatography and 21.8 kDa after sodium dodecyl sulfate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis. Ion exchange chromatography demonstrated that CVZBP was anionic, requiring 0.43 n NaCl for elution from quaternary aminoethyl Sepharose. Antiserum to the protein cross-reacted more with total protein extracts from leaf midveins than with total protein from the rest of the leaf lamina, further suggesting a vascular location of the Zn-binding protein. Quantitative analysis indicated that ≈2 to 3 mol of Zn were associated with 1 mol of native protein. Binding studies with the partially purified CVZBP demonstrated a capacity to bind several divalent cations: Cd, Ni, Pb, and Zn. Reaction with Ellman's reagent suggested that the protein has significant sulfhydryl group content that may be involved in metal binding. N-terminal sequencing demonstrates identity with papaya latex trypsin inhibitor, sporamin, or other Kunitz soybean proteinase inhibitors.

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