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  • Author or Editor: G.C. Denny x
  • Journal of the American Society for Horticultural Science x
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Abstract

Black, purple, and tan discolorations have been found within red-pigmented areas of the peach fruit skin. Scanning electron and light micrographs show damage caused by defuzzing and roller drying, which could facilitate entry of causal agents associated with peach skin discoloration. Comparisons of reflectance and transmittance spectra (380-700 nm) of discolored (purple) and nondiscolored (red) peaches show the mean reflectance value for discolored peaches is 100% darker than nondiscolored peaches. However, transmittance spectra of acidified extracts of discolored and nondiscolored peach skins are similar throughout these wavelengths. Extracted pigment color was altered by pH changes and metallic ion concentration. At low pH, discoloration may be caused by ion complexing with anthocyanin pigment. At high pH, discoloration may result from alkaline hydrolysis of the pigment molecule.

Open Access