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  • Author or Editor: Diane E. Dunn x
  • Journal of the American Society for Horticultural Science x
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The objective of this study was to determine the most advantageous time to collect cuttings of Chinese pistache, a commonly recommended ornamental shade tree that is difficult to propagate by cuttings. In 1993, calendar date and degree days (daily mean temperature -7.2C) were used to estimate an appropriate cutting time. The greatest percentage of rooted cuttings occurred in male cuttings harvested on 13 May 1993 (397 degree days) and treated with 17,500 mg·liter-1 IBA or in male cuttings harvested on 20 May 1993 (482 degree days) and treated with either 8750 or 17,500 mg·liter-1 IBA. In 1994, cutting time was associated with calendar days, degree days, and morphology. The most rooted cuttings (44%) were from green softwood cuttings taken on 9 May 1994, which was 380 degree days from orange budbreak using a threshold temperature of 7.2C. Orange budbreak was characterized by separation of the outer bud scales such that the orange, pubescent inner bud scales were visible. Cuttings taken on 9 May 1994 and treated with 8750 mg·liter-1 IBA produced the most primary and secondary roots and the longest primary roots per cutting. Male Chinese pistache cuttings should be collected from green softwood or red semi-softwood stems when about 380 to 573 degree days have accumulated after orange budbreak. Chemical names used: indolebutyric acid (IBA).

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