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  • Author or Editor: Christopher G. Alpha x
  • Journal of the American Society for Horticultural Science x
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The USDA-ARS Vitis genetic resources collections in Geneva, N.Y., and Davis, Calif., contain ≈3600 accessions of >35 species. Accurate and unambiguous identification of these grapes is essential for efficient and effective use of this germplasm. Previous workers have successfully used polymerase chain reaction (PCR)-generated SSRs to fingerprint cultivars of the wine and table grape species, V. vinifera. Building on this work, we conducted a test of five previously characterized SSR loci on 110 accessions of 25 grape taxa (21 Vitis species and 4 hybrids) to determine if they would satisfy our need for identifying cultivars within the USDA-ARS grape collections. Scorable SSR fragments were produced with all 550 primer-accession combinations, with no null loci observed. The loci were highly polymorphic, with 16 to 38 different alleles found at a locus. Heterozygosity values ranged from 0.464 to 0.818, while gene diversity values ranged from 0.875 to 0.955. Discrimination power at a locus varied from a low of 0.947 to a high of 0.987. Combined discrimination power of all loci was effectively 1.000, with 2 chances in 100,000,000 that two sexually, independently derived grape accessions would not be distinguishable using this set of five SSR loci. Two plants in the study that had previously been classified as belonging to different grape species were shown to have identical SSR fingerprints, showing that they almost certainly possessed the same genotype. Because SSR markers are codominant and highly polymorphic and SSR loci are generally conserved across a range of related species, we strongly recommend SSRs for fingerprinting not only grape, but other clonal genetic resources collections as well.

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