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  • Author or Editor: A.R. Dixon x
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A concern with the greenhouse production of horticultural commodities, particularly those grown in the ground, is the difficulty in managing nutrient runoff. Alstroemeria, a heavy-feeding crop that is nearly always grown in soil, were planted into 26.5-L pots with a medium of LECA. Greenhouse experiments were designed to examine flowering stem production, quality, and nutrient flux under nutrient solution reuse (closed system) and with one of three levels of nutrition (EC of 2.1, 1.6 and 1.1 mS/cm). Plants in the closed treatments were set on troughs sloped towards separate 24-L reservoirs. The control was an open drainage system fed at 2.1 mS/cm. The reservoirs were kept at a constant volume with the addition of water after every irrigation; nutrients were added to restore the EC to demand levels. Stems were harvested twice per week and the nutrient content of the reservoirs were analyzed biweekly by ion chromatography. Data were analyzed as an RCBD with four treatments and blocks. Analysis of data from the preliminary experiment (29 May to 3 Aug. 1998) indicated number of stems and cymes were similar among treatments. Stem length, dry weight, and number of florets were depressed below the control only in lowest fed treatment. Nutrient application was reduced markedly, by up to 1000-fold in the closed vs. the open production system.

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A microcomputer-based image processing system was used to simplify the large number of visual comparisons required to identify various Corylus spp., cultivars, and clonal accessions using polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis isozyme patterns. Photographs of gels stained for peroxidase, acid phosphatase, and phenol oxidase were digitally captured and selected lanes were enhanced and scanned. The scan data were analyzed to locate bands and normalize their position to that of standards. Such data were plotted and a computer-generated isozyme pattern was displayed. Compressed image data were then stored in a database for subsequent automated isozyme pattern comparisons. Photographic records that were previously used in published reports were reevaluated with the computerized system. Species, cultivars, or clones that were characterized in visual evaluations were similarly characterized using the computer method. Computer evaluations usually identified more bands. Band positions were only rarely different and probably resulted from better normalization relative to standard bands when using the computerized procedure.

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Leaves of red raspberry (Rubus idaeus L. cv. Meeker) were sampled every 2 weeks throughout the growing season at 7 different positions on the cane to determine the time and position of minimum leaf nutrient flux. During the last half of August, the 5th to 12th leaves from the terminal 15 cm of the primocane showed the least variation in nutrient concentrations.

Open Access