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  • Author or Editor: A. H. Bruneau x
  • Journal of the American Society for Horticultural Science x
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Four categories of billbug (Sphenophorus parvulus Gyllenhal) resistance were identified and contrasted in terms of anatomical, morphological, and physiological characteristics of 12 Kentucky bluegrass (Poa pratensis L.) cultivars. Discriminant analysis was used as a separatory procedure to determine the relative importance of these plant characteristics to observed billbug resistance and to construct a prediction procedure for potential billbug resistance classes. Variables measured from field-, controlled environment-, and greenhouse-grown plants were analyzed for the most biologically revealing characteristics of potential billbug resistance. Separatory discrimination indicated that cultivars exhibiting moderate and high billbug resistance had tougher tissue than tolerant or susceptible cultivars. Tolerant and highly resistant cultivars differed from those susceptible and moderately resistant by concealing billbug injury. Development of a predictive classification procedure was promising, with percent correct classification ranging from 67% to 94%, depending on number and type of discriminating variables analyzed.

Open Access