Zoysiagrass rhizomes were sampled at various intervals, from October through March, to determine their susceptibility to low-temperature injury. Five-node rhizome sections of the following genotypes were subjected to sub-freezing temperatures at each date: `Belair', `DAL 8507', `El Toro', `Emerald', `Korean Common', and `Meyer'. Rhizome sections of each cultivar were wrapped in moistened cheesecloth, enclosed in aluminum foil, and placed in a freezing chamber at –2C. After 2 h at –2C, samples then were cooled at 1C/h to temperatures estimated to result in tissue injury. Fifteen rhizomes of each genotype were removed from the chamber at each test temperature. After thawing for 12 h, rhizomes were planted and regrown in a growth chamber at 34C day/28C night for 4 weeks. In the freezing test conducted on 12 Oct. 1994, rhizomes of `Meyer' and `Emerald' had greater shoot regrowth than those of `El Toro' after exposure to –6C. The only rhizomes that produced shoot growth after exposure to –8C were those of `Korean common', `Meyer' and `Belair'.
Researchers have collected a considerable amount of data relating to apple (Malus ×domestica) cultivars and rootstocks over the past 30 years, but much of this information is not easily accessible. The long-term goal of our working group is to increase access to this information using online technology available through eXtension. In eXtension, researchers and extension personnel are developing a community of practice (CoP) to increase the quality and amount of online information for individuals interested in our work [referred to as a community of interest (CoI)]. For this project, our CoI is broadly defined as commercial apple producers, nursery professionals, county extension educators, Extension Master Gardeners, home gardeners, and consumers. Our CoP is developing diverse educational tools, with the goals of increasing productivity, profitability, and sustainability for commercial apple production. Additionally, we will provide other members of our CoI access to research-based, reliable information on the culture of apples. We chose to begin our focus on cultivars and rootstocks adapted to the eastern United States and will add other U.S. regions as our resources and interest in our project grows.