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- Author or Editor: J. Benton Storey x
Previous work in this lab has shown that drying temperatures above 35°C will cause excessive loss of the kernel's natural light color and less oleic (18:1) oxidation to linoleic (18:2) fatty acid. The former is undesirable because of poor consumer appeal and the latter is desirable because of superiority of oleic acid in reducing low density lipoprotein in the blood plasma of consumers and a longer shelf life. The drying temperature of 35°C and an air volume of 45 CFM was superior in 1989 to 75 CFM at the same temperature and an air dried control. Lower air volumes in 1990 proved to be no better than 45 CFM at 35°C The best compromise drying regime was determined to be 45 CFM at 35°C.
Nut count (NC), trunk circumference (TC), competition factor (CF), days from budbreak (DAY), and high or low crop year (YR) data were collected on 40 trees at three sites across Texas in 1985 and 1986, to create a model that would predict pecan [Carya illinoensis (Wangenh.) C. Koch] yield. The model developed predicted the natural logarithm of the total nuts on the tree [In(NUTS)]: In(NUTS) = 2.112 + [0.634 × In(NC)] + (0.00119 × TC) – (0.0701 × In(CF)) + (0.00639 × DAY) + (0.728 × YR). The equation accounts for 87% of the variation in yield. The model is not sufficiently accurate to predict individual tree yields well, but additional data show an ability to accurately predict average tree yields.