, 2007 ). However, there is no information on the effects of PRD on long-term storage performance of apple fruit and on some fruit quality attributes such as fruit weight loss in storage and internal ethylene concentration (IEC) as an indicator of fruit
Jorge A. Zegbe, M. Hossein Behboudian, Brent E. Clothier, and Alexander Lang
C.H. Crisosto, W.A. Retzlaff, L.E. William, T.M. DeJong, and J.P. Zoffoli
We investigated the effects of three seasonal atmospheric ozone (0,) concentrations on fruit quality, internal breakdown, weight loss, cuticle structure, and ripening characteristics of plum fruit from 3-year-old `Casselman' trees in the 1991 season. Trees were exposed to 12-hour daily mean O3 concentrations of 0.034 [charcoal-filtered air (CFA)], 0.050 [ambient air (AA)], or 0.094 [ambient plus O3 (AA+O)] μl·liter-1 from bloom to leaf-fall (1 Apr. to31 Oct. 1991). Fruit quality and internal breakdown incidence measured at harvest and after 2, 4, and 6 weeks of storage at 0C were not affected by any of the O3 treatments. Following an ethylene (C2H4) preconditioning treatment, the rate of fruit softening, C2H4 production, and CO, evolution was higher for plums harvested from the AA + O than from those grown in CFA. Weight loss of fruit from the AA + O exceeded that of fruit from CFA and AA. Anatomical studies of mature plums indicated differences in wax deposition and cuticle thickness between fruit grown in AA + O, AA, and CFA. Differences in gas permeability, therefore, may explain the difference in the ripening pattern of `Casselman' plum fruit grown in high atmospheric O3 partial pressures.
John R. Stommel, Mary J. Camp, Judith M. Dumm, Kathleen G. Haynes, Yaguang Luo, and Anne Marie Schoevaars
exhibited electrolyte leakage values at day 0 that were greater than that observed in other Class 1 and Class 2 samples, suggesting that greater tissue damage occurred in these accessions during sampling. Overall, changes in fruit weight loss were small with
Eleni Tsantili, Miltiadis V. Christopoulos, Constantinos A. Pontikis, Pantousis Kaltsikes, Chariklia Kallianou, and Michalis Komaitis
according to Blumenkrantz and Asboe-Hansen (1973) . Data analysis. The significance of treatment effects was assessed by applying one-way analysis of variance for all leaf characteristics, fruit dimensions, and fruit weight loss. Split plot analysis
Ahmad Sattar Khan and Zora Singh
ripe fruit, weight loss was also reduced in MAP alone or in combination with 1-MCP application compared with other treatments. After 5 and 7 weeks of low- temperature storage, at the ripe stage, weight loss was highest in control fruit (6% and 7
Juan E. Manzano-Méndex and Judith Zambrano
Pepper fruits (Capsicum annum L. c.v. Caribbean) were treated with two commercial was coatings, Primafresh and Prolong. Fruits were sprayed with Primafresh (original concentration) and Prolong at 0.5% and 1.5% (w/v) concentration. Fruit samples were taken for analysis each of 5 days during 20 days from storage rooms at 1, 5, 10, and 15C. Parameters TSS, titratable acidity, pH, fresh fruit weight loss, texture, and dry matter content were analyzed. TSS and dry matter decreased with the storage time. Titratable acidity increased until 10 days after storage and decreased when fruit were stored for a longer time. The lowest texture deformation was observed at 1 and 5C. Coating treatments reduced the rate of fresh fruit weight loss of peppers compared to uncoated ones.
Eliahou Cohen, Yavin Shalom, and Ida Rosenberger
Britex and Zivdar, water-based polyethylene waxes, were applied in commercial and experimental formulations as spray coating, a single dip, or double dips on `Murcott' tangerine (Citrus reticulate Blanco) fruits. Postharvest waxing of `Murcott' tangerine reduced weight loss but affected the sensory characteristics of the fruit. Charges in fruit weight loss and juice composition occurred in the waxed fruits after 4 weeks of storage at 5C plus 1 week of simulated retail handling at 17C. Changes in internal fruit atmosphere were related to fruit flavor quality.
Harvey E. Arjona, Frank B. Matta, and James O. Garner Jr.
Vine-ripened yellow passion fruit (Passiflora edulis f. flavicarpa Deg.) were placed in styrofoam trays and wrapped with VF-60 plastic film and stored for 15 and 30 days. Wrapping prevented fruit weight loss while maintaining external appearance. Storage time contributed to quality loss of external appearance. Wrapping maintained fruit glucose and fructose content at 43 and 40 mg·ml-1 up to 15 days, respectively, and did not influence juice pH. Initial sucrose content of wrapped fruit declined 62% after 15 days in storage. Plastic film did not effectively modify O2 or CO2.
K.A. Sanford, P.D. Lidster, K.B. McRae, E.D. Jackson, R.A. Lawrence, R. Stark, and R.K. Prange
Postharvest response of wild lowbush blueberry (Vaccinium angustifolium Ait. and V. myrtilloides Michx.) to mechanical damage and storage temperature was studied during 2 years. Fruit weight loss and the incidence of shriveled or split berries were major components that contributed to the loss of marketable yield resulting from mechanical damage and storage temperature. Decay of berries resulted in only 1% to 2% of the total marketable fruit loss. In general, the major quality attributes (firmness, microbial growth, hue, bloom, split, and unblemished berries) deteriorated with increasing damage levels and increasing storage temperature without significant interaction. Temperature had consistent effects in both years on moisture content, soluble solids concentration, titratable acids, weight loss, shriveled and decayed berries, Hunter L values, and anthocyanin leakage, while damage level had inconsistent or no significant effect.
John R. Stommel, Robert W. Goth, and Kathleen G. Haynes
Bacterial soft rot of bell pepper (Capsicum annuum L.), caused by Erwinia spp., is a destructive postharvest market disease of this crop. Control is presently limited to chemical treatments. Methods of inoculating pepper fruit were evaluated to develop a reliable technique for soft rot resistance screening. Erwinia carotovora subsp. atroseptica (Eca) was isolated from partially decayed field grown pepper fruit at Beltsville, MD. Fruit were inoculated with suspensions of Eca via: (a) abrasion with Carborundum, (b) hypodermic puncture, or (c) non-wounded tissue. Inoculated fruit were held under high humidity at 21-23C for two to three days prior to scoring. Degree of soft rot decay was determined via fruit weight loss from two replicates of the experiment over the course of the growing season. Significant differences were not evident among varieties or experiment dates for weight loss due to tissue decay. Hypodermic puncture inoculation was superior to other methods for inducing fruit rot.