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Martin M. Williams II

significant interaction between hybrid and plant density ( P ≥ 0.870). Ear yield was optimized at 5.5 plants/m 2 and gross profit margin was optimized at 6.1 plants/m 2 ( Fig. 2 ). If data from growers’ fields reflect actual plant densities that white

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Gary W. Stutte

photosynthesis ( McCree, 1972 ) to allow the photosynthetic efficiency of a given wavelength to be evaluated as well. These well-defined parameters allow the spectra to be optimized for both photosynthesis and photomorphogenesis. Table 2. Spectral files of

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Stefania De Pascale, Luisa Dalla Costa, Simona Vallone, Giancarlo Barbieri, and Albino Maggio

cultivation for a specific environment. These practices include selecting the most suitable and adapted species/cultivar for specific pedoclimatic conditions, and optimizing the timing for planting/harvesting ( Fig. 2 ). To increase WUE at farm level, the

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Arthur Villordon, Christopher Clark, Tara Smith, Don Ferrin, and Don LaBonte

DAT) to optimize decision-making. In Louisiana, a calendar-based system is used for recommending transplanting dates, i.e., 15 Apr. to 30 June for south Louisiana and 1 May to 30 June for north Louisiana ( Boudreaux, 2005 ). In North Carolina, the

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Orville C. Baldos, Joseph DeFrank, Matthew Kramer, and Glenn S. Sakamoto

-ripening after drying is known to remove seed dormancy and subsequently improve germination, storage conditions to optimize this process for tanglehead seeds have yet to be determined. Temperature and relative humidity are important storage conditions that affect

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Xiaofeng Yang, Gang Li, Weihong Luo, Lili Chen, Shaopeng Li, Ming Cao, and Xuebin Zhang

destruction of crumb structure ( Beman et al., 2005 ; Castellanos et al., 2013 ). Therefore, the optimization of greenhouse crop nitrogen management is of utmost importance to secure product quality of the muskmelon, which also plays a crucial role in

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Haby Sanou, Daouda Sidibé, Adama Korbo, and Zewge Teklehaimanot

, Niger, and Senegal revealed that ber is among the farmers’ 10 most preferred tree species ( Bonkoungou et al., 1998 ). However, because of the small size of fruit (1–2 g per fruit) and its sensitivity to parasitic attacks, its use for optimizing the

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Celina Gómez, Christopher J. Currey, Ryan W. Dickson, Hye-Ji Kim, Ricardo Hernández, Nadia C. Sabeh, Rosa E. Raudales, Robin G. Brumfield, Angela Laury-Shaw, Adam K. Wilke, Roberto G. Lopez, and Stephanie E. Burnett

( Hodges et al., 1968 ). Controlled environments (CEs) provide advantages to predict plant responses to their environment and increase production efficiency, optimize plant yield, and improve product quality. They play a key role in the commercial

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Nader R. Abdelsalam, Hayssam M. Ali, Mohamed Z.M. Salem, Elsayed G. Ibrahem, and Mohamed S. Elshikh

diversity of mango germplasm in Egypt using 13 specific markers (SSR and EST-SSR) was reported. A high diversity of mango cultivars was confirmed as a pattern of morphology and genotypes. Molecular markers (SSR and EST-SSR) are powerful tools for optimizing

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Xin Zhao, Qianqian Dong, Shubang Ni, Xiyong He, Hai Yue, Liang Tao, Yanli Nie, Caixian Tang, Fusuo Zhang, and Jianbo Shen

crop management in the orchard with root/rhizosphere-based nutrient management. Enhancing nutrient-use efficiency through optimizing fertilizer input, improving fertilizer formulation, and maximizing biological interaction effects helps develop healthy