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Paul A. Wiersma, Deniz Erogul, and Shawkat Ali

cultivars except Sweetheart and Staccato ® . This included ‘Sovereign™’, ‘Sentennial™’, and ‘SPC243’, which are also open-pollinated ‘Sweetheart’ progeny and were expected to pose a similar challenge for discrimination. Finally, a broader range of SSR

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Carmina Gisbert, Judith M. Dumm, Jaime Prohens, Santiago Vilanova, and John R. Stommel

polymorphic when considering the eight control dark violet to black-fruited varieties represented by modern hybrids, older open pollinated varieties and landraces. SSR profiles demonstrated that ‘Black Beauty’ and E13GB42 were distinct from the other dark

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Jennifer L. Emerson, John Frampton, and Steven E. McKeand

provenance–progeny test series. Materials and Methods Seedlings were grown from open-pollinated seed collected during the 1994 range-wide cone collection. Progeny from 188 of these trees from the following six seed sources were included in this study

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Justin A. Schulze and Ryan N. Contreras

cytotypes. Materials and Methods Plant material. Open-pollinated fruit were collected from one P. lusitanica on the Oregon State University campus (lat. 44°34′04″N, long. 123°17′14″W) in Corvallis, OR, on 5 Sept. 2014. The exocarp and mesocarp were removed

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Patrick J. Conner

muscadine seed and lower the lengthy stratification periods now used. Materials and Methods Plant material. Open-pollinated seeds of ‘Fry’ muscadine were used for all treatments. Fully mature ‘Fry’ berries were collected from vines located at

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Isabelle Y. Delannay, Jack E. Staub, and Jin Feng Chen

to produce a fertile amphidiploid (HHCC, 2n = 4x = 38) via somaclonal variation during in vitro embryo culture ( Chen et al., 1998 ). This amphidiploid was subsequently self-pollinated for several generations, resulting in fertile germplasm that was

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Yunyan Sheng, Feishi Luan, Faxing Zhang, and Angela R. Davis

distributed and cultivated worldwide, the genetic diversity and genetic relationship using DNA analysis are poorly described in China. In this study, open-pollinated, hybrid and inbred lines were included for most of the ecotypes and are hereafter collectively

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Derek W. Barchenger, Sopana Yule, Nakarin Jeeatid, Shih-wen Lin, Yen-wei Wang, Tsung-han Lin, Yuan-li Chan, and Lawrence Kenyon

), Thailand. Site selection was based on the ability to conduct an effective bioassay, rather than on nearby production or viral prevalence. Capsicum entries (98) comprising breeding lines, open pollinated varieties, genebank accessions, and wild species

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Sharon M. Tusiime, Gail R. Nonnecke, Dorothy M. Masinde, and Helen H. Jensen

access by small-landholder farmers. Cultivar MT 56 could be profitable for farmers if its seed is available. Because small-landholder farmers lack access to open-pollinated cultivars that are disease tolerant and an improved seed distribution system in

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Jonathan D. Mahoney, Thao M. Hau, Bryan A. Connolly, and Mark H. Brand

a randomized field planting consisting of 120 Aronia accessions (with three replicates) and representing all four species and various ploidy levels. Intra-accession progeny variability was evaluated by growing out seedlings from their open-pollinated