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Kathleen Delate, Andrea McKern, Robert Turnbull, James T.S. Walker, Richard Volz, Allan White, Vincent Bus, Dave Rogers, Lyn Cole, Natalie How, Sarah Guernsey, and Jason Johnston

damage or larvae on fruit can restrict access to U.S. markets because of LBAM. A new sighting of LBAM in California in May 2007 ( U.S. Department of Agriculture–Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service, 2007 ) may lift LBAM quarantine restrictions to

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Shengrui Yao

occasionally noticed peach moth damage to the sour jujube fruit that was collected in Las Cruces, NM, for seeds that will be used for rootstocks. In California, growers have complained about bird damage to fruit (Roger Meyer, personal communication). Jujube-related

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Suzanne O’Connell, Cary Rivard, Mary M. Peet, Chris Harlow, and Frank Louws

-marketable fruit was sorted into different categories based on types of defect including: cat-facing, blossom end rot, insect damage, fruit cracking, TSWV, and “other.” The number of individual tomatoes as well as the total weight of fruit for each category was

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Virginia I. Lohr

introducing the revised USDA hardiness zone map ( Daly et al., 2012 ); heat injury is another example of what was included in this topic. Nearly half of the respondents (47%) included topics related to water issues, such as flooding problems or irrigation

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Federica Galli, Douglas D. Archbold, and Kirk W. Pomper

events such as fruit ripening increase the production of ROS in plant tissues, causing tissue damage. Under normal stress conditions, adequate protection against destructive ROS reactions is provided by cellular antioxidant defense systems, including

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Khalid F. Almutairi, David R. Bryla, and Bernadine C. Strik

., 2013 ). For example, in 2015, blueberry growers in Oregon and Washington lost an estimated 14 million pounds of fruit due to heat and inadequate water for cooling and irrigation as a consequence of reduced water allotments from irrigation districts

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Sukhvinder Pal Singh and Zora Singh

also in defense-related pathways ( Shewfelt and Purvis, 1995 ). The increase in the concentration of TBARS in fruit flesh during cold storage and simulated shelf conditions was an indication of the peroxidative damage caused to the fruit tissue; the

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Andrew J. Macnish, Malkeet S. Padda, Francine Pupin, Pavlos I. Tsouvaltzis, Angelos I. Deltsidis, Charles A. Sims, Jeffrey K. Brecht, and Elizabeth J. Mitcham

( Kader, 1991 ). Fruit are also very susceptible to mechanical damage and decay ( Sommer et al., 1973 ). Botrytis cinerea and Rhizopus stolonifer , the causal agents of gray mold and rhizopus rot, respectively, are the main pathogenic fungi to infect

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Matthew D. Stevens, John D. Lea-Cox, Brent L. Black, and Judith A. Abbott

that resulted in an abbreviated season with reduced yields and low quality fruit as a result of heat damage. Yields in the region were again lower than normal, but not as severely reduced as in 2003. Nearby research plots showed ‘Allstar’ yields that

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Marisa M. Wall, Kate A. Nishijima, Lisa M. Keith, and Mike A. Nagao

stored at 10 °C ( Table 1 ). A similar result was reported by Drinnan (2004 ), where ‘Biew Kiew’ fruit showed obvious chilling damage at 5 and 7.5 °C and slight injury at 10 °C. Other cultivars may be stored at lower temperatures than ‘Biew Kiew