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Ali Loker and Sam E. Wortman

carrot ( Daucus carota ) varieties across dozens of on-farm locations in several states within their breeding network for organic vegetables. The adaptability analysis was used to identify broadly adapted varieties (those that perform well in most

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Allison D. Oakes, Tyler Desmarais, William A. Powell, and Charles A. Maynard

black walnut to sudden oak death in California, rapid response is crucial. Many species may not have 100 years for a resistance breeding program to bear fruit, and genetic engineering can only offer a solution if trees can make it from the laboratory

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Samuel E. Wortman, Michael S. Douglass, and Jeffrey D. Kindhart

.F. Ban, T. Matsubara, H. Adachi, F. Asao, T. 2013 Growing carrots hydroponically using perlite substrates Sci. Hort. 159 113 121 Atkin, K. Nichols, M.A. 2004 Organic hydroponics Acta Hort. 648 121 127 Burlakoti, R.R. Zandstra, J. Jackson, K. 2013

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Paolo Benincasa, Marcello Guiducci, and Francesco Tei

) ( Burns, 2006 ). Present efforts of breeding, screening programs, or both for improving the NUE of cultivars (e.g., through improved initial root growth rate, maximum root expansion, root/shoot DW, and N partitioning) at either limiting or nonlimiting N

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Ruigang Wu, Yi Wang, Ting Wu, Xuefeng Xu, and Zhenhai Han

. Because apple trees are highly heterozygous and genetically self-incompatible or incompatible with closely related cultivars, they are difficult to modify by conventional breeding techniques; however, with the accomplishment of a high-quality draft genome

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, TX 77843-2133; 2 Pecan Genetics and Breeding Program, Agricultural Research Service, U.S. Department of Agriculture, 10200 FM50, Somerville, TX 77879 An assessment of leaf physiological traits of pecan provenances growing in Sommerville, Texas

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Sylvia Cherono, Charmaine Ntini, Misganaw Wassie, Mohammad Dulal Mollah, Mohammad A. Belal, Collins Ogutu, and Yuepeng Han

acid in roots of etiolated seedlings of Brassica juncea J. Plant Physiol. 166 324 328 doi: 10.1016/j.jplph.2008.06.002 DaMatta, F.M. 2004 Exploring drought tolerance in coffee: A physiological approach with some insights for plant breeding Braz. J

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Kellie J. Walters, Bridget K. Behe, Christopher J. Currey, and Roberto G. Lopez

growing hydroponically for breeding and research. Although more than half of respondents only used hydroponic production techniques, 45% grew hydroponically in addition to floriculture or in-ground food production. Increasing diversification potentially

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Yu Sung, Daniel J. Cantliffe, Russell T. Nagata, and Warley M. Nascimento

lettuce is controlled by at least two genes and can be introduced by breeding because this trait is heritable (R.T. Nagata, unpublished data). The basis of the genotype-dependent thermotolerance is not clear and is probably related to more than one factor

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Shiva Ram Bhandari, Bo-Deul Jung, Hum-Young Baek, and Young-Sang Lee

than in other vegetables such as lady finger (12.8 mg·kg −1 ), pumpkin (12.7 mg·kg −1 ), and carrot (29.9 mg·kg −1 ) ( Ching and Mohamed, 2001 ). In all of the tested cultivars, total vitamin E content increased significantly as the pepper fruit ripened