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Milad El Riachy, Luis Rallo, Raúl de la Rosa, and Lorenzo León

can reach up to 13 years under natural growing conditions ( Bellini, 1993 ). This long period is the main reason for the scarcity of new olive varieties generated by olive breeding programs in comparison with other fruit species ( Barranco and Rallo

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Gal Sapir, Raphael A. Stern, Martin Goldway, and Sharoni Shafir

Antirrhinum ( Lai et al., 2002 ) and then in almond ( Prunus dulcis ) and japanese apricot ( Prunus mume ) ( Entani et al., 2003 ; Ushijima et al., 2003 ), both of the Prunus genus included in Prunoideae , a subfamily of Rosaceae , in Petunia inflata

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Justin A. Schulze, Jason D. Lattier, and Ryan N. Contreras

peach–apricot, and peach–plum hybrids. They found the highest germination percentage occurred with the cytokinin 6-benzylaminopurine (BA), in half-strength MS basal salt media ( Murashige and Skoog, 1962 ). Kukharchyk and Kastrickaya (2006) recovered

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Qingguo Ma, Junpei Zhang, and Dong Pei

Nations, 2005 ). In the past 30 years, China has made substantial progress in walnut breeding with more than 40 cultivars developed and used for production. However, as development progressed, distinguishing walnut cultivars became problematic both for

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Jianfeng Liu, Bowen Yang, Yuetong Ming, Yuchu Zhang, and Yunqing Cheng

important health benefits; therefore, its breeding is now increasing ( Chen et al., 2011 ; Jimenez-Garcia et al., 2012 ; Kafkas et al., 2008 ). The identification of reliable molecular markers associated with disease resistance and flower characteristics

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Angela R. Davis, Charles L. Webber III, Wenge Liu, Penelope Perkins-Veazie, Amnon Levi, and Stephen King

with increased tomato intake. This finding is not unexpected and demonstrates the importance of maintaining multiple nutritional compounds in fruits and vegetables for developing and maintaining complete nutrient potential through breeding. Lycopene is

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Xinyi Zhang, Li Liao, Zhiyong Wang, Changjun Bai, and Jianxiu Liu

using ISSR and SRAP markers. Evaluation of genetic diversity among a sample of accessions provides an important foundation for conservation of genetic resources and marker-assisted breeding. In the present study, ISSR and SRAP data revealed high genetic

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Ksenija Gasic, John E. Preece, and David Karp

Crop Listings z . Almond Rootstocks, Apple, Apricot and Pubescent-skinned Prunophora Hybrids, Blackberry, Blue Honeysuckle, Blueberry, Grape, Hazelnut, Nectarine, Peach, Pear, Pear Rootstocks, Persian Walnut, Plum, Pomegranate, Raspberry

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Tingting Zhao, Dawei Li, Lulu Li, Fei Han, Xiaoli Liu, Peng Zhang, Meiyan Chen, and Caihong Zhong

requirements ranged from 266 to 996 CU among almond cultivars ( Egea et al., 2003 ) and ranged from 800 to 1200 CU among apricot cultivars ( Ruiz et al., 2007 ). Negative effects that are caused by insufficient or exceeded chill accumulation could result in

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Wenhao Dai, Victoria Magnusson, and Chris Johnson

control these diseases. These diseases and infected trees can only be removed. Therefore, utilization of disease-resistant plants is the best method to manage these diseases. Conventional approaches for chokecherry breeding is generally difficult and time