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Masahiko Fumuro

above the ground in the own-rooted trees, and 10 cm above the ground (trunk diameter) and 5 cm above the grafted part (scion diameter) in the grafted trees. The length of the green branch with < 10% lignification was measured, and the total length of the

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Mary Woodhead, Ailsa Weir, Kay Smith, Susan McCallum, Katrin MacKenzie, and Julie Graham

and β-xylosidase (ERubLR_SQ01_F_D13). The Ri 4CL2 gene has been suggested to be involved in cane lignification ( Kumar and Ellis, 2003 ), and a polyketide synthase 5 ( Ri PKS5) gene ( Zheng and Hrazdina, 2008 ) locates close to BAC 29M05_SSR1, which

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James W. Olmstead, Amy F. Iezzoni, and Matthew D. Whiting

occurred during the period from bloom until endocarp lignification; generally, only cell enlargement occurred after endocarp hardening. Because sweet cherry flowers undergo a rapid period of cell division after fertilization, we endeavored to determine

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Ying Liu, Huawei Song, Juming Zhang, and Michael D. Richardson

stimulated branching in seminal roots and the development of hairs on roots of wheat ( Triticum aestivum ) through an increase in the uniform lignification of vascular tissue. Li et al. (2011) also indicated that the effects of B on plants primarily

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Jie Li, Scott M. Leisner, and Jonathan Frantz

, superoxide scavenging, lignification of cell walls, and ethylene sensing ( Epstein and Bloom, 2005 ; Fox and Guerinot, 1998 ; Marschner, 1995 ). In addition to its role as an essential element, Cu is a potentially toxic agent at supraoptimal levels due to

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Yuliya A. Salanenka, Martin C. Goffinet, and Alan G. Taylor

staining with berberine/crystal violet, lignification of cell walls was stronger in the central part of the cap ( Fig. 1L ). As found in mature seeds, in developing seeds, the cuticle was visible in the lateral areas of the nucellus and ended in the basal

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Marlene Ayala and Gregory Lang

lignification and slower growth of the pericarp. SIII or “final swell” is a period of rapid fruit growth characterized by mesocarp cell enlargement and DW accumulation. The length of each phenological stage is influenced by the ripening characteristics of the

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Chun-hui Shi, Xiao-qing Wang, Xue-ying Zhang, Lian-ying Shen, Jun Luo, and Yu-xing Zhang

lignification: A comparative analysis J. Plant Physiol. 157 601 607 Bernards, M.A. 2002 Demystifying suberin Can. J. Bot. 80 227 240 Beggs, C.J. Wellmann, E. 1994 Photocontrol of flavonoid biosynthesis, p. 733–751. In: R.E. Kendrick and G.H.M. Kronenberg (eds

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Arthur Villordon, Don LaBonte, Nurit Firon, and Edward Carey

previous studies in ‘Beauregard,’ ARs 15 cm or less in length failed to show the anatomical attributes associated with lignification or SR initiation at 20 d ( Villordon et al., 2009a , 2012 ). Image acquisition parameter was set to “high” accuracy (600

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Pedro Novillo, Alejandra Salvador, Pilar Navarro, and Cristina Besada

chilling injury and lignification of bamboo shoot ( Phyllostachys praecox f. prevernalis ) during cold storage J. Sci. Food Agr. 88 151 157 Mittler, R. 2002 Oxidative stress, antioxidants and stress tolerance Trends Plant Sci. 7 405 410 Novillo, P