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Seth D. Wannemuehler, James J. Luby, Chengyan Yue, David S. Bedford, R. Karina Gallardo, and Vicki A. McCracken

requires tissue samples be taken at immature growth stages in a plant’s juvenile phase and that these samples be evaluated for traits through marker testing, which allows rapid screening ( Afanador et al., 1993 ; Collard and Mackill, 2008 ). Early

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Shuang Jiang, Haishan An, Xiaoqing Wang, Chunhui Shi, Jun Luo, and Yuanwen Teng

breeding technology, the breeding process can be accelerated by molecular maker-assisted selection ( Collard et al., 2005 ). SSRs, also known as microsatellites, are one of the most efficient genetic markers. An SSR refers to a DNA sequence 1 to 6 bp in

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Md J. Meagy, Touria E. Eaton, and Allen V. Barker

of minerals ( Kamchan et al., 2004 ). Vegetables such as kale, celery, collard, Chinese cabbage, and soybean sprouts contain high levels of Ca ( Kamchan et al., 2004 ). Lettuce ( Lactuca sativa L.) is an important vegetable crop with high market

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Howard F. Harrison Jr. and Mark W. Farnham

), collards ( B. oleracea Acephala group), kale ( B. oleracea Acephala group), and others] that are in the same species. Cultivars within a cole crop type are frequently called a crop group. Clomazone is an important component for weed management in cabbage

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Xinjuan Chen, Zhujun Zhu, Joska Gerendás, and Nadine Zimmermann

Carlson, D.J. Daxenbichler, M.E. VanEtten, C.H. Kwolek, W.F. Williams, P.H. 1987 Glucosinolates in crucifer vegetables: Broccoli, brussels sprouts, cauliflower, collards, kale, mustard greens, and kohlrabi J

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Zena Rawandoozi, Timothy Hartmann, David Byrne, and Silvia Carpenedo

methods and save resources for developing high-quality peach cultivars ( Bliss, 2010 ; Byrne, 2005 ; Collard et al., 2005 ; Edge-Garza et al., 2015 ; Ru et al., 2015 ). G×E effects. Understanding the G×E interaction is important for the selection

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Mariola Plazas, Santiago Vilanova, Pietro Gramazio, Adrián Rodríguez-Burruezo, Ana Fita, Francisco J. Herraiz, Rajakapasha Ranil, Ramya Fonseka, Lahiru Niran, Hemal Fonseka, Brice Kouassi, Abou Kouassi, Auguste Kouassi, and Jaime Prohens

molecular markers, and combined with phenotyping, will allow the efficient selection of materials with introgressed desirable genes from the wild species without unfavorable traits, as well as to obtain collections of introgression lines ( Collard and

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Ryan J. Hayes, Carlos H. Galeano, Yaguang Luo, Rudie Antonise, and Ivan Simko

conjunction with phenotypic data to determine the position of QTL and the magnitude of QTL effects ( Collard et al., 2005 ). Knowledge of the QTL is a starting point to develop molecular markers for marker-assisted selection or map-based cloning of the genes

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Carl E. Sams, Dilip R. Panthee, Craig S. Charron, Dean A. Kopsell, and Joshua S. Yuan

Food Chem. Toxicol. 37 973 979 Farnham, M.W. Ruttencutter, G. Smith, J.P. Keinath, A.P. 2005 Hydridizing collard and cabbage may provide a means to develop collard cultivars HortScience 40 1686 1689 Finley, J.W. 2005 Proposed criteria for assessing the

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, Bioresources Engineering and Mechanical Engineering, University of Delaware, Newark, DE 19716 Several leafy greens are grown in the mid-Atlantic region for processing (freezing), including spinach, kale, turnip greens, mustard greens, and collards. Although