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Richard C. Beeson

. These were then multiplied to calculate a canopy volume [growth index (GI)]. Root ball volume was measured by first carefully removing the container substrate to a point of visible root tips. The remaining undisturbed root ball was then enclosed in a

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Craig M. Hardner, Marisa Wall, and Alyssa Cho

strongly related to canopy volume per hectare, which was primarily affected by planting density. These results demonstrate that the interaction between trees does not influence yield at a young age. Clearly, results from these trials at later age will be

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Nicola Dallabetta, Andrea Guerra, Jonathan Pasqualini, and Gennaro Fazio

a sum of all the axes TCSAs; we used the final TCSA measurement for all calculations. In 2017 (fourth leaf) data were collected for tree canopy volume by measuring tree height (70 cm above graft union), tree depth and tree width and expressed in

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hurricane damage to citrus trees Tree canopy volume loss measurement after hurricanes may be valuable for crop insurance and fruit yield estimation, but visual estimation of tree damage is laborious, time consuming, and difficult to quantify. Zaman et al

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James R. Schupp, H. Edwin Winzeler, and Melanie A. Schupp

branching to a few latent axillary buds near the origin of the limb. Short stub cuts are recommended for spindle-type apple tree training to stimulate the regrowth of new lateral branches, to restrict the canopy volume and branching density, and to maintain

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Kim D. Bowman and Greg McCollum

’ and ‘US-1284’ making the largest trees, ‘Flying Dragon’ making the smallest trees, and all the other rootstocks somewhat intermediate in canopy height and diameter. Between 2006 and 2014, average canopy volume decreased for trees on all rootstocks

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Michael V. Mickelbart

Plant characteristics. Tree height was measured from soil level to the highest growing point. Branch length of each branch used for leaf collection was also measured from its origin at the trunk to the farthest growing point. Canopy volume was

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Bernadine C. Strik, Amanda J. Davis, David R. Bryla, and Scott T. Orr

season, plant width tended to be lower in plants with weed mat alone, whereas those with black or green weed mat produced the narrowest canopies parallel and perpendicular to the row, respectively ( Table 2 ). Consequently, canopy volume was smaller that

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Tamara Wynne and Dale Devitt

measured at 10.52 ± 5.05 cm for C. linearis . The trees had basal canopy areas between 5.7 and 29.6 m 2 ( L. indica and P. florida , respectively). The canopy volume also varied greatly based on species with a maximum of 93.10 m 3 for P. florida and

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Sameer Pokhrel, Bo Meyering, Kim D. Bowman, and Ute Albrecht

. Canopy volume was calculated using the formula described in Wutscher and Hill (1995) , given as follows: canopy volume = (diameter 2 × height)/4. Scion and rootstock trunk diameters were measured at 5 cm above and below the graft union using a digital