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David A. Francko, Kenneth G. Wilson, Qingshun Q. Li, and Maria A. Equiza

room temperature before cold-induced damage could be scored. Environmental chamber incubations were used to quantify two key temperature-dependent variables for foliage, flowers, and fruits from each species: 1) the temperature at which foliar/floral/fruit

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Ahmad Sattar Khan and Zora Singh

genes, including those related to fruit softening ( Alexander and Grierson, 2002 ). Similarly, 1-MCP application has been reported to reduce the activities of fruit softening enzymes such exo-PG, endo-PG, PE, and EGase in japanese plum ( Khan and Singh

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Thomas Gradziel and Sabrina Marchand

the formation of anthocyanins. The anthocyanins oxidize to brown when heat-processed, staining both the processed fruit and syrup. The ‘Andross’ fruit endocarp or pit is susceptible to breakage, resulting in undesirable pit fragments in the processed

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Juan Carlos Díaz-Pérez

.947; P < 0.0001). Top DW was more related to stem diameter than to plant height ( R 2 = 0.776; P = 0.004). Bell pepper plant growth during plant establishment had a large effect on subsequent plant growth and fruit yield. Both final vegetative top FW

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Kristine M. Lang, Ajay Nair, and Kenneth J. Moore

conditions that can damage the fruit and lead to reduced yield and quality ( Day, 2010 ). Jovicich et al. (2005) found greenhouse-grown colored bell peppers were worth up to five times more than those produced in open field conditions, which may explain why

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Giverson Mupambi, Stefano Musacchi, Sara Serra, Lee A. Kalcsits, Desmond R. Layne, and Tory Schmidt

against bird damage, fruit bats, insects, strong winds, and sand storms ( Arthurs et al., 2013 ; Shahak et al., 2004 ). The colors of early PN were primarily black and white. Since then, PN was modified by adding chromatic elements, giving rise to

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Pedro Novillo, Alejandra Salvador, Pilar Navarro, and Cristina Besada

drastic fruit softening is the main CI symptom in ‘Rojo Brillante’ persimmon and is manifested only after fruit are transferred from low-temperature (1 °C) storage to shelf life conditions. Chilling damage became evident during shelf life that followed to

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Wojciech J. Janisiewicz, Robert A. Saftner, William S. Conway, and Philip L. Forsline

Apple is one of the most important species among the temperate fruit crops. According to Vavilov (1930) , Central Asia is the center of origin for the domestic apple. His theory of “geography of genes,” that germplasm for breeding for resistance

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Marcelo A.G. Carnelossi, Edinaldo O.A. Sena, Adrian D. Berry, and Steven A. Sargent

number of fruit (10 fruit per clamshell) with any incidence of visible mycelial growth, or mechanical damage, was recorded and expressed in percent. Destructive analyses Pulp firmness. Whole fruit firmness was measured at 0, 7, 14, and 21 d for each fruit

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James J. Polashock, Robert A. Saftner, and Matthew Kramer

bag containing a small strip of moist cheesecloth to maintain high humidity. To reduce heat accumulation in the bags, inoculations were done late in the day and the plastic bags were covered with white paper bags. Noninoculated fruit clusters were