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Laura Jalpa, Rao S. Mylavarapu, George J. Hochmuth, Alan L. Wright, and Edzard van Santen

before planting. Information on the texture was collected, and these data are presented in Table 1 . Both P and K levels in soil at preplant were high; thus, no P or K fertilizers were applied. Table 1. Soil physical and chemical properties for the

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Youping Sun, Guihong Bi, Genhua Niu, and Christina Perez

) with diverse modes of action, sites of absorption and activity are available to control height and promote lateral branching. Their use varies with plant species, chemical concentration, time of application, and environmental conditions. For example

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Marlee A. Trandel, Penelope Perkins-Veazie, and Jonathan Schultheis

Carolina, resulting in datasets that might be useful for detecting relationships. Therefore, in this study, 3 years of seedless watermelon cultigen evaluation data were used to determine possible germplasm trends for high and low HH incidences and tissue

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Kristine M. Lang, Ajay Nair, and Kenneth J. Moore

usually priced two to three times higher than their green counterparts ( Jovicich et al., 2005 ), which compensates for the increased time needed for peppers to go through the period of coloring that lengthens crop exposure to adverse environmental

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Mary Jane Clark and Youbin Zheng

environmental conditions as experienced in outdoor nursery production ( Alam et al., 2009 ; Clark and Zheng, 2015 ; Hershey and Paul, 1982 ; Narvaez et al., 2012 ; Newman et al., 2006 ). Warm outdoor temperatures and regular rain and irrigation events during

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Rahmatallah Gheshm and Rebecca Nelson Brown

a layer of clear 6-mil (0.15-mm) polyethylene greenhouse plastic. The photo was taken 16 Nov. 2017. Experimental design and data analysis The study used a split-plot design with corm density as the main plot effect and winter protection as

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Jennifer Moore-Kucera, Anita Nina Azarenko, Lisa Brutcher, Annie Chozinski, David D. Myrold, and Russell Ingham

sustainability relative to economic and environmental goals ( Andrews et al., 2002 ). A major goal of OFM is to synchronize nutrient availability with crop demand while minimizing nutrient losses. Nitrogen (N) management, in particular, is a focus in

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John D. Lea-Cox*

Environmental and human safety regulations are now an inevitable part of horticultural crop production. For most businesses, worker training and the subsequent collection and administration of data required for reporting purposes is often regarded as an economic burden. There are few systematic models that firstly provide an ecompassing approach to this business requirement, but more importantly which provide resources that simplify and perhaps automate the reporting of data to any significant degree. A good environmental management system (EMS) should provide a framework to systematically plan, control, measure and improve an organization's environmental performance and assessment. Significant environmental improvements (and cost savings) can be achieved by assessing and improving management and production processes, but only if the data are collected and analyzed quickly and easily. Many times, growers do not realize the relationship between their improved environmental performance and other key EMS benefits, such as reduced liability, better credit ratings, enhanced employee performance, improved customer relations, marketing advantages together with improved regulatory compliance. The International organization for Standardization (ISO) 14001 series is the most widely accepted international standard for EMS. Growers in most states in the US are required to document their use of pesticides and other agrochemicals that can impact human health, and in some states are also required to to document and monitor their applications of water and nutrients, in an effort to environmental pollution. This paper will illustrate the key elements of environmental management systems and how this can be integrated into production management using process management software.

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Haiyan Zhao, Haiying Liang, Yibing Chu, Congcong Sun, Ning Wei, Mengnan Yang, and Caixia Zheng

national symbol of its botanical heritage. Given the intensification of soil salinization resulting from climate and environmental changes, and the extensive use of snow-melting agents in urban streets, studying the physiological mechanism of salt tolerance

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Daniel Hargey, Benjamin Wherley, Casey Reynolds, Richard White, and Garrett Parker

effects on annual ryegrass, intermediate ryegrass, tetraploid ryegrass, and perennial ryegrass and found that the timing and duration of traffic had less effect on perennial ryegrass as compared with the other ryegrasses. Data regarding comparative