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Nan Wang, Shi Liu, Peng Gao, Feishi Luan, and Angela R. Davis

in targeted breeding for increasing the provitamin A carotenoid content through genetic engineering and breeding in watermelon ( Bai et al., 2011 ; Berman et al., 2015 ). The carotenoid biosynthesis pathway in higher plants has been well described

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Maedza K. Vuwani, Mpumelelo Nkomo, Wonder Ngezimana, Nokwanda P. Makunga, and Fhatuwani N. Mudau

plants. For instance, sabinene is a major constituent of carrot seed oil. It also occurs in tea tree oil at low concentrations ( Ghafar and Rahman, 2013 ). There is reason to suggest that coupled with plant-environment interaction, the application of

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Richard D. Richins, Laura Hernandez, Barry Dungan, Shane Hambly, F. Omar Holguin, and Mary A. O'Connell

. Capsaicinoids, the compounds that are responsible for the heat or pungency of the Capsicum fruit, are also readily soluble in hexane. So to produce an oleoresin with no pungency, only mild or non-pungent red-pigmented fruit can be extracted. Breeding programs

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Kathleen G. Haynes, Beverly A. Clevidence, David Rao, Bryan T. Vinyard, and J. Marion White

carotenoid concentrations are low in comparison with certain raw, carotenoid-rich vegetables such as carrot [ Daucus carota var. sativus (8285 μg β-carotene per 100 g FW)], tomato [ Solanum lycopersicum (2573 μg lycopene per 100 g FW)], and spinach

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CO 2 most visually appealing at 70 days. Glycoalkaloid Levels in S. microdontum and S. jamesii Accessions: A Consideration in Parental Selection When Breeding for High Antioxidant Activity in Potato M. Ndambe Nzaramba* 1 , John B

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David R. Bryla

certain traits favorable for nutrient capture could be selected during breeding. Large differences in rooting depth occur among vegetables; e.g., lettuce, leek ( Allium ampeloprasum var. porrum ), and onion are shallow-rooted; carrot is intermediate; and

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Juanxu Liu, Min Deng, Richard J. Henny, Jianjun Chen, and Jiahua Xie

carrot roots Plant Physiol. 78 510 513 Childers, C.C. Rodrigues, J.C.V. 2005 Potential pest mite species collected on ornamental plants from Central America at port of entry to the United States Fla. Entomol. 88

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Peter Boches, Brooke Peterschmidt, and James R. Myers

Breeding tomato for increased fruit phenolics PhD thesis, Oregon State University. 10 Mar. 2011. < http://hdl.handle.net/1957/11136 >. Butelli, E. Titta, L. Giorgio, M. Mock, H.P. Matros, A. Peterek, S. Schijlen, E.G.W.M. Hall, R.D. Bovy, A.G. Luo, J

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Xiaoling He, Susan C. Miyasaka, Yi Zou, Maureen M.M. Fitch, and Yun J. Zhu

large number of vegetable crops ( Koike et al., 2006 ), including taro ( Uchida et al., 2002 ). Conventional breeding of taro is one method of improving disease resistance provided that naturally occurring resistance is found within the germplasm

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Krishna S. Nemali and Marc W van Iersel

higher plants in response to diurnal changes in incident sunlight Planta 186 390 398 Araus, J.L. Slafer, G.A. Reynolds, M.P. Royo, C. 2002 Plant breeding and drought in C 3 cereals: What should we