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Hassan Hajnajari, Bahaeddin Chashnidel, Kourosh Vahdati, Mohsen Ebrahimi, Alireza Nabipour, and Esmaeil Fallahi

Length of the juvenile phase seems to be the main obstacle of the fruit tree breeding program because of the land area required for breeding plots, the fact that it is time-consuming, and costly nursery management, all restricting breeding

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Todd P. West, Gregory Morgenson, Larry Chaput, and Dale E. Herman

summer and fall foliage. Fall foliage of ‘Burgundy Glow’ changes from green to apricot-orange to burgundy-red before leaf senescence. ‘Burgundy Glow’ is ≈8.5 m tall with a crown width of 7.0 to 7.5 m after 35 years, and is a smaller statured tree compared

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Jorge Pinochet

be used for almond [ P. dulcis (Mill.) D. A. Webb, syn. P. amygdalus Batsch] and some apricot ( P. armeniaca L.) cultivars. Trees are green leaf, with a vigor comparable to ‘Marianna 2624’ ( P. cerasifera × P. munsoniana W. Wight & Herd.). Its

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Mariem Bouhadida, Juan P. Martín, Gennady Eremin, Jorge Pinochet, María Á. Moreno, and Yolanda Gogorcena

). The basic chromosome number of Prunus is x = 8. Almond [ P. dulcis D.A. Webb (formerly P. amygdalus Batsch)], peach [ P. persica (L.) Batsch], apricot ( P. armeniaca L.), and sweet cherry ( P. avium L.) are diploids with 2 n = 2 x = 16

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Ossama Kodad, José M. Alonso, María T. Espiau, Gloria Estopañán, Teresa Juan, and Rafel Socias i Company

germplasm for addressing future challenges in almond breeding. As a consequence, these genotypes are preserved, characterized in several almond collections and incorporated into advanced breeding programs ( Kester et al., 1990 ). One of the most important

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J. Steven Brown, Raymond J. Schnell, Tomás Ayala-Silva, J. Michael Moore, Cecile L. Tondo, and Michael C. Winterstein

. The mango, like many perennial, cloned fruit tree species, has been considered to be a difficult plant species to improve by breeding as a result of several intrinsic biological factors ( Iyer and Dinesh, 1997 ; Iyer and Schnell, 2009 ): 1) a high

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David E. Zaurov, Sasha W. Eisenman, Timothy Ford, Sergei Khokhlov, Sovetbek Kenjebaev, Kaiyrkul T. Shalpykov, and C. Reed Funk

are unique to this region. To promote better use, management, and preservation of these important resources, dissemination of this information is critical. Recent and ongoing collection and breeding activities are also discussed. By accessing and using

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Qijing Zhang and Dajun Gu

with large fruit size of P. salicina and broaden the genetic base for further breeding within this genus. The objective of this research was to characterize the morphology of the hybrid and both parents and to validate the hybridity using molecular

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Marek Szymajda and Edward Żurawicz

commercial scale throughout the country. In 1991, the Research Institute of Pomology and Floriculture launched a new program of breeding stone fruit trees (plum, sour cherry, peach, and apricot), the aim of which has been to derive new cultivars with

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Noémi Makovics-Zsohár, Magdolna Tóth, Dezső Surányi, Szilvia Kovács, Attila Hegedűs, and Júlia Halász

from breeding programs started in the second half of the 20th century, and double crossing, pyramidic crossing, mutagenesis, and several laboratory assays were used in such programs compared with traditional breeding ( Hartman and Neumüller, 2009 ). The