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Juan Carlos Díaz-Pérez and James E. Hook

study evaluating the effects of alternate-row irrigation in chili pepper ( Capsicum annuum ), incidence of phytophthora root rot in plots receiving alternate-row irrigation without fungicides was significantly less than irrigation of every row without

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Naveen Kumar, Fnu Kiran, and Ed Etxeberria

.6 million boxes in 2016, the lowest in the last 50 years ( USDA, 2017 ). After introduction into host leaves, C Las travels from the point of infection to roots causing extensive injury to the fibrous root system in the process ( Graham et al., 2013

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Robert G. Nelson, Benjamin L. Campbell, Robert C. Ebel, and William A. Dozier Jr.

(Brix/acid ratio). Because these limitations may exclude a significant proportion of the fruit that growers would like to sell, strict adherence to such standards is unlikely without more coordination between stakeholders in the industry. Alternate

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Luis A. Rivera-Burgos, Emily Silverman, Nebahat Sari, and Todd C. Wehner

were incubated in a shaker at 180 rpm for 8 to 10 d at 24 ± 2 °C under alternating periods of 12 h of fluorescent light (40–90 μmol·m −2 ·s −1 photosynthetic photon flux density) and 12 h of darkness. For all inoculations, we filtered the liquid from

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Nathan Shoaf, Lori Hoagland, and Daniel S. Egel

rapid movement of inoculum around crop fields, and the pathogen can kill plants quickly making chemical control difficult ( Erwin and Ribeiro, 1996 ; Granke et al., 2012 ). Crop rotation is ineffective because of the pathogen’s broad host range and

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Dan Jin, Philippe Henry, Jacqueline Shan, and Jie Chen

ovary encapsulated by bract and bracteoles (alternately called a calyx ), out of which projects two long stigmas. Bract, bracteoles, stigmas, and small leaves that grow out of inflorescences leaves are densely covered by capitate stalked trichomes

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Kathryn M. Kleitz, Marisa M. Wall, Constance L. Falk, Charles A. Martin, Marta D. Remmenga, and Steven J. Guldan

herb cultivation ( Falk et al., 1996 ). Diseases in current crops such as chile peppers ( Capsicum annuum ) could be reduced with alternate crops that may not serve as hosts to the pathogens. Thus, the cultivation of medicinal herbs on small New Mexico

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Judith Pozo, Miguel Urrestarazu, Isidro Morales, Jessica Sánchez, Milagrosa Santos, Fernando Dianez, and Juan E. Álvaro

randomized complete block design, and five replicates were used. Each petri plate contained four leaf discs. The plates were kept at 16–22 °C in 12-h alternating periods of light and darkness. The necrotic area percentage was estimated 3, 7, and 14 d after

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Parama Sikdar, Mike Willett, and Mark Mazzola

.6021°N, 120.5059°W), the orchard was planted in 1983, with the Red Delicious scion; however, rootstock information is unknown. In both of these orchards, the pollinizer was interplanted at ten tree intervals in every alternate row. Orchards located at

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Timothy L. Grey, Keith Rucker, Lenny Wells, and Xuelin Luo

for sunlight, moisture, and nutrients ( Smith, 2011 ). In established groves, weeds also serve as inoculum for diseases and alternate hosts for insects ( Lee, 1994 ). Establishing a weed-free strip by applying herbicides between pecan trees to increase