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Dominique-André Demers, Martine Dorais, and Athanasios P. Papadopoulos

Russeting, also known as cuticle cracking, has become a common problem in greenhouse tomato production and an important concern for commercial growers, and the causes of its development are extremely complex ( Demers et al., 2001 ; Dorais et al

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Eckhard Grimm, Stefanie Peschel, Tobias Becker, and Moritz Knoche

Rain-cracking severely limits sweet cherry production worldwide ( Christensen, 1996 ). By breaching fruit skin integrity, it exposes the underlying flesh to rapid drying and to invasion by insects and pathogens. Cracking is thought to be related to

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David Douches, Walter Pett, Diedrich Visser, Joseph Coombs, Kelly Zarka, Kimberly Felcher, Gurling Bothma, Johan Brink, Muffy Koch, and Hector Quemada

distribution, tuber dimensions/shape, skin color, eye morphology, growth cracks, skin cracking/mechanical damage, flesh color, internal qualities, specific gravity, chip scores, cooking quality, and response to Fusarium dry rot ( Fusarium spp.), stem-end rot

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Simon A. Mng'omba, Elsa S. du Toit, Festus K. Akinnifesi, and Helena M. Venter

thickness of Uapaca kirkiana fruit trees pooled together (1 year after grafting). Fig. 1A shows a good level of callusing and healing at the union of the MW26/22 combination. Fig. 1B (MW1/61) shows an increase in union diameter and cracking of

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Rebecca G. Sideman

sorted into the following categories: marketable (root diameter at least 1.5 inch with no major defects that would reduce storage life), cull (roots of any size that exhibited wounds, breakage, or severe cracking that would reduce storage life

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Michael W. Smith and William D. Goff

reduced, consequently the pecans have less value. Shells may be cracked by machinery during harvest and postharvest handling. These cracks occur anywhere on the shell and are often irregular in shape. Another crack frequently observed on certain cultivars

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G. Craig Yencho, Kenneth V. Pecota, Jonathan R. Schultheis, Zvezdana-Pesic VanEsbroeck, Gerald J. Holmes, Billy E. Little, Allan C. Thornton, and Van-Den Truong

more susceptible to Rhizopus soft rot than ‘Beauregard’ but slightly more resistant than ‘Hernandez’ ( Edmunds and Holmes, 2008 ). Russet crack, caused by a strain of Sweet Potato Feathery Mottle Virus ( Campbell et al., 1974 ), has not been

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Samuel Y.C. Essah, Jorge A. Delgado, Merlin Dillon, and Richard Sparks

, 4–10 oz, and 10–16 oz). Size distribution groups are very important because different markets demand different size groups. Also, in the fresh market industry larger tubers attract premium price. Additionally, tuber external (growth cracks, knobs

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Gregory A. Lang

cracking during the final stages of fruit ripening ( Webster and Looney, 1996 ). Therefore, sweet cherry is an obvious market-driven candidate fruit for potential adaptation to high tunnel production strategies in areas where these production risks are

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Eckhard Grimm and Moritz Knoche

The water potential (Ψ) of the sweet cherry fruit and its two components, osmotic potential (Ψ Π ) and turgor (Ψ P ) (where Ψ = Ψ Π + Ψ P ), are likely to be important factors affecting fruit cracking. First, fruit Ψ affects the rate of water