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Md J. Meagy, Touria E. Eaton, and Allen V. Barker

of the dietary reference intake for calcium: Where do we go from here? Crit. Rev. Food Sci. Nutr. 48 378 384 Mou, B. 2005 Genetic variation of beta-carotene and lutein contents in lettuce J. Amer. Soc. Hort. Sci. 130 870 876 Mou, B. 2009 Nutrient

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Elena E. Lon Kan, Steven A. Sargent, Daniel J. Cantliffe, Adrian D. Berry, and Nicole L. Shaw

marketability up to 14 d at 5 °C plus 1 d at 20 °C when harvested at yellow stage ( Lon Kan et al., 2007a ). No CI was evident during storage at 5 or 10 °C. Increases in lutein, beta-carotene, and total carotenoids contents were reported as ‘Wanda’ fruit ripened

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Juan Carlos Díaz-Pérez, Jesús Bautista, Anthony Bateman, Guna Gunawati, and Cliff Riner

produce quality. Foliar K application increases foliar K concentration, fruit sugars, ascorbic acid, and beta-carotene ( Jifon and Lester, 2009 ). In this study, however, rates of K had no effect on onion bulb disorders such as bolting, double bulbs, bulb

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Peter B. Ojong, Victor Njiti, Zibao Guo, Ming Gao, Samuel Besong, and Sandra L. Barnes

in sweetpotato roots, mainly as a result of beta-carotene ( Woolfe, 1992 ). Flavonoids may appear colored or colorless in nature. Among the thousands of flavonoids that occur in plants, only a few hundred appear in the colored state in nature

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Desmond G. Mortley, Stephanie Burrell, Conrad K. Bonsi, Walter A. Hill, and Carlton E. Morris

high in carbohydrates, beta-carotene (orange-fleshed cultivars), vitamins B1 (thiamine) and C, iron (Fe), and phosphorus (P) and dietary fiber ( Hill et al., 1989 ; Woolfe, 1992 ). The leaves are high in vitamins B2 (riboflavin), Fe, and P. Because of

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Sofia Caretto, Angelo Parente, Francesco Serio, and Pietro Santamaria

), and beta-carotene content than fruits from plants without receiving any foliar K application ( Lester, 2005 ). In tomato, it has been reported that acid and reducing sugar contents, often correlated with K application, influence not only sweet and

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Beiquan Mou

Spinach is one of the most desirable dark green, leafy vegetables as a result of its high content of beta carotene (provitamin A), lutein, folate, vitamin C, calcium, iron, phosphorous, and potassium ( Morelock and Correll, 2008 ). Spinach is

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Angela R. Beaman, Richard J. Gladon, and James A. Schrader

Suntec (NZ), Ltd Tokomaru, New Zealand Mou, B. 2005 Genetic variation of beta-carotene and lutein contents in lettuce J. Amer. Soc. Hort. Sci. 130 870 876 Nitz, G.M. Schnitzler, W.H. 2004 Effect of PAR and UV-B radiation on the quality and quantity of the

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Kathleen G. Haynes, Lincoln Zotarelli, Christian T. Christensen, and Stephanie Walker

vegetable, such as potato, may offer significant health benefits. Lutein and zeaxanthin are produced on two separate branches of the carotenoid biosynthetic pathway ( Diretto et al., 2006 ). The yellow-fleshed trait is the result of a dominant allele of beta-carotene

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Emilie Proulx, Yavuz Yagiz, M. Cecilia, N. Nunes, and Jean-Pierre Emond

.P. 1999 Beta-carotene and ascorbic acid retention in fresh and processed vegetables J. Food Sci. 64 929 936 Hruschka, H.W. 1977 Postharvest weight loss and shrivel in five fruits and vegetables Agricultural Research