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Nana Millicent Duduzile Buthelezi, Tieho Paulus Mafeo, and Nhlanhla Mathaba

stages, the fruit is prone to invasion by insect pests, bird attacks, various pathogens, and mechanical damage, all of which can reduce its commercial value, thereby causing significant yield and economic losses ( Kasso and Bekele, 2018 ; Sharma et al

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Rafel Socias i Company, Ossama Kodad, José M. Alonso, and Antonio J. Felipe

are of small size and white with epistigmatic pistil both on spurs and on 1-year shoots. Bloom density is regular and high ( Kodad and Socias i Company, 2008b ). Table 1. Chilling and heat requirements of ‘Mardía’ as related to other cultivars

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Huifei Shen, Bing Zhao, Jingjing Xu, Xizi Zheng, and Wenmei Huang

withered; (III) 40% of the leaves became brown, withered, and defoliated; (IV) 60% of the leaves became brown and withered; (V) 80% of the leaves became brown, withered, and defoliated. Table 2. Different damage level of heat stress, salicylic acid (SA) and

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R. Karina Gallardo, Parichat Klingthong, Qi Zhang, James Polashock, Amaya Atucha, Juan Zalapa, Cesar Rodriguez-Saona, Nicholi Vorsa, and Massimo Iorizzo

Germplasm Repository Small Fruit Crop Germplasm Committee and the Cranberry Institute) were extracted from recent grant proposal requests and research priority recommendations. These were grouped according to the production-related needs (e.g., pest and

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Triston Hooks, Genhua Niu, Joe Masabni, Youping Sun, and Girisha Ganjegunte

hierarchical cluster analysis was performed for the 22 pomegranate varietiesThree distinct clusters were found based on the means of the key response variables of yield and Brix, which are directly related to productivity (profit) and sweetness of the fruit

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Kelly Gude, Cary L. Rivard, Sara E. Gragg, Kimberly Oxley, Petros Xanthopoulos, and Eleni D. Pliakoni

.R. 2016 Evaporative cooling with sprinklers to reduce heat-related fruit damage in northern highbush blueberry HortScience 51 S33 (abstr.)

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Dongfeng Liu, Junbei Ni, Ruiyuan Wu, and Yuanwen Teng

almost equal in concentration to sucrose content at fruit maturity ( Chen et al., 2011 ; Yao et al., 2010 ). Sorbitol metabolism in Rosaceae fruit also changes with fruit development and is related to fruit growth rate and sink strength ( Bianco et al

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Guohai Xia, Lailiang Cheng, Alan Lakso, and Martin Goffinet

more cells per fruit ( Fig. 7A ), larger fruit ( Fig. 6A ), and higher soluble solids ( Fig. 9A ). Apple fruit growth and development depends on carbon supply from leaves. ‘Gala’ leaf CO 2 assimilation is closely related to its N status ( Fig. 4

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William Pelletier, Jeffrey K. Brecht, Maria Cecilia do Nascimento Nunes, and Jean-Pierre Émond

steps during the distribution chain. The first link of the strawberry distribution chain consists of removing the field heat from the fruit as soon as possible after harvest, usually by forced air cooling. The importance of prompt precooling on

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Wenjie Ma, Wen Liang, and Bing Zhao

, sterility of flower, abortion of fruit formation, or even death of the whole plant, to prevent heat stress damage. To some extent, the performance of the plants was related to water loss, and greater RH could lower water loss and improve RWC ( Carvalho et al