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Susan L.F. Meyer, Dilip K. Lakshman, Inga A. Zasada, Bryan T. Vinyard, and David J. Chitwood

and other concerns associated with a number of synthetic chemical pesticides, novel, bio-based nematicides could be safe management alternatives for decreasing yield losses caused by this nematode. Plant-derived compounds are a potential source for

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Thomas E. Marler

( Marler and Cruz, 2017 ) because excavation of intact roots for traditional transplant operations was cost-prohibitive. This unprecedented attempt to initiate adventitious roots on large cycad stems resulted in 41% success in adventitious root formation

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Nittaya Chookoh, Yi-Tien Chiu, Chen Chang, Wei-Hsin Hu, and Ting-En Dai

-developed roots and shoots (measuring ≈4 cm from base of the shoot to leaf tip; Fig. 1J ) were acclimatized in open containers for about 2 weeks in a net house. Plantlets were then washed off to remove the medium and transferred to white plastic pots (5 cm in

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Lauren Lindsey, Raymon Shange, Ramble O. Ankumah, Desmond G. Mortley, and Sangita Karki

roots produced ( Table 2 ), although ‘Whatley/Loretan’ produced the highest yield of 26 t·ha −1 . Organic amendments had no significant impact on DM ( Table 1 ) and the major influence was based on variety ( Table 2 ), with ‘TU Purple’ having the highest

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Chun-qiong Huang, Guo-dao Liu, and Chang-jun Bai

experimental design. Data acquisition and statistical analyses Measurement of root and shoot dry weight. At the end of the treatment period (60 d), the shoots and roots were separated and rinsed three times with deionized water. The plant materials were kept at

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Jacob A. Griffith Gardner, Jessica D. Lubell, and Mark H. Brand

cuttings per experimental unit = 1400 total cuttings). After 60 d, cuttings were harvested and experimental units were evaluated for percentages of rooted cuttings. Root count (the number of roots longer than 0.5 cm) and shoot count (the number of new

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Gerardo H. Nunez, Hilda Patricia Rodríguez-Armenta, Rebecca L. Darnell, and James W. Olmstead

). Although there is a lack of quantitative data about the roots of SHB and V. arboreum plants grown under the same conditions, deeper root systems in other species have been shown to confer an adaptive advantage in soils where water ( Padilla and Pugnaire

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James Robert Ault and Sandy S. Siqueira

hypochlorite solution containing three drops of surfactant Tween 80 per 500 mL of solution and then rinsed in sterile water for 10 min. Seed were aseptically excised and cultured in vitro on Murashige and Skoog ( Murashige and Skoog, 1962 ) basal medium and

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Erin J. Yafuso, Paul R. Fisher, Ana C. Bohórquez, and James E. Altland

.3-cm-tall seedling plug tray based on a modeled peat-vermiculite substrate ( Caron and Nkongolo, 1999 ). Gravimetric measurements also can be made directly in propagation trays, or with individual stabilized cells that do not easily conform to a

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Kaitlyn McBride, Richard J. Henny, Jianjun Chen, and Terri A. Mellich

genus is prized for its attractive floral array atop a swollen, sculptural caudex ( Rowley, 1987 ). As roots mature they swell and enlarge along with the caudex and add an important sculptural element that compliments the flowers; therefore, root