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Qin Yang and Yan Fu

Biodiversity is the material basis for human survival, sustainable development of agriculture and plant breeding, and the excellent germplasm resources provide a necessary foundation for breeding good varieties ( Yang et al., 2004 ). Throughout the

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Jalil Dejampour, Islam Majidi, Solmaz Khosravi, Sevil Farhadi, and Atena Shadmehr

According to the FAO (2008) , Iran is second, third, and sixth in global ranking of apricot, almond, peach and nectarine production, respectively. Almost 158,675 ha of plantations in Azerbaijan province (Iran) are allocated to various stone fruits

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László Szalay, Béla Timon, Szilvia Németh, János Papp, and Magdolna Tóth

apple Plant Physiol. 45 390 394 Layne, R.E.C. 1989 Breeding cold hardy peach cultivars for Canada Acta Hort. 254 73 78 Layne, R.E.C. 1996 Genetic improvement of peach, nectarine and apricot

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Chengyan Yue, R. Karina Gallardo, James J. Luby, Alicia L. Rihn, James R. McFerson, Vicki McCracken, Nnadozie Oraguzie, Cholani Weebadde, Audrey Sebolt, and Amy Iezzoni

quality, availability, affordability, and health benefits. Cherry breeding programs face a significant challenge to develop cultivars incorporating the range of attributes preferred by the various components of the supply chain. All breeding programs

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David Karp

as ‘Chabot’; different sources give the date of this introduction as 1881 ( Butterfield, 1938 ) or 1885–86 ( Hedrick, 1911 ). One other Asian plum cultivar was present in California by the time that Burbank began breeding plums, the ‘Simon’ ( P

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Jung Hyun Kwon, Ji Hae Jun, Eun Young Nam, Kyeong Ho Chung, Ik Koo Yoon, Seok Kyu Yun, and Sung Jong Kim

), pear ( Ishimizu et al., 1999 ), and sweet cherry ( Tao et al., 1999 ). Furthermore, the S-RNase gene-specific primer set designed for sweet cherry can be used to determine S- haplotypes in apricot ( Halász et al., 2005 ; Vilanova et al., 2005

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Myounghai Kwak, Jeong-Ki Hong, Eun Sil Lee, Byoung Yoon Lee, Min Hwan Suh, and Bert Cregg

cultivated and wild germplasm also provides useful insight for breeding programs ( Cornille et al., 2012 ; Dempewolf et al., 2017 ; Migicovsky and Myles, 2017 ; Moran and Bell, 1987 ). For example, a population genetics study of cultivated and wild apricot

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Todd P. West, Gregory Morgenson, Larry Chaput, and Dale E. Herman

summer and fall foliage. Fall foliage of ‘Burgundy Glow’ changes from green to apricot-orange to burgundy-red before leaf senescence. ‘Burgundy Glow’ is ≈8.5 m tall with a crown width of 7.0 to 7.5 m after 35 years, and is a smaller statured tree compared

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Jorge Pinochet

be used for almond [ P. dulcis (Mill.) D. A. Webb, syn. P. amygdalus Batsch] and some apricot ( P. armeniaca L.) cultivars. Trees are green leaf, with a vigor comparable to ‘Marianna 2624’ ( P. cerasifera × P. munsoniana W. Wight & Herd.). Its

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Hassan Hajnajari, Bahaeddin Chashnidel, Kourosh Vahdati, Mohsen Ebrahimi, Alireza Nabipour, and Esmaeil Fallahi

Length of the juvenile phase seems to be the main obstacle of the fruit tree breeding program because of the land area required for breeding plots, the fact that it is time-consuming, and costly nursery management, all restricting breeding