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Jeff A. Anderson

polyether surfactant (Silwet L-77; Setre Chemical Co., Memphis, TN), and a bicyclic oxazolidine antidessicant (Wilt-Pruf; Wilt-Pruf Products, Essex, CT) ( Franko et al., 2011 ). Franko et al. (2011) suggested hypothetical mechanisms of action may include

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Steven J. McArtney, John D. Obermiller, and Consuelo Arellano

activity of PSII inhibitors if they are applied in combination with commercial formulations of existing thinning chemicals that include a surfactant. The triazinone herbicide metamitron is a systemic, xylem-translocated PSII inhibitor that acts by blocking

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Megh Singh, Shiv D. Sharma, Analiza H.M. Ramirez, and Amit J. Jhala

speculated that the plasma membrane is a barrier to the foliar uptake of glyphosate and biologically active surfactants contribute to glyphosate flux across the plasma membrane ( Riechers et al., 1994 ). On the other hand, it was reported that removing the

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Duane W. Greene

, all flowering spurs on the tagged portion of the limbs were counted and blossom cluster density calculated. At petal fall on 14 May, one limb per trees was sprayed to the drip point with a 250 mg·L −1 ABA solution containing 0.05% Kinetic surfactant

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Anna Marín, Anne Plotto, Lorena Atarés, and Amparo Chiralt

surfactant, with the purpose of improving the CFD wettability and adherence to fruit surface. The CFDs were prepared by dispersing the biopolymers (2% wt/vol) in deionized water for 2 h at room temperature. After biopolymer dispersion, OA was added at a

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Christopher T. Werle, Karla M. Addesso, Blair J. Sampson, Jason B. Oliver, and John J. Adamczyk

kaolin did provide some early control, coverage on kaolin-treated trees was observed to steadily diminish following rain events, while coverage on the k + b-treated trees appeared to persist longer; it is possible that the additional surfactant present in

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Uttara C. Samarakoon, James E. Faust, and John M. Dole

deionized water. A nonionic surfactant (CapSil; Aquatrols, Paulsboro, NJ) was added to each solution at a concentration of 0.4 mL·L −1 to improve contact with the leaves. A fourth treatment consisted of an additional deionized water control (0 mg·L −1 Ca

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Xing-Zheng Fu, Fei Xing, Li Cao, Chang-Pin Chun, Li-Li Ling, Cai-Lun Jiang, and Liang-Zhi Peng

effect of chemical Zn. In addition, we tested the roles of agricultural organosilicone surfactant in improving the foliar fertilizer absorption efficiency and correcting effect. Organosilicone surfactant is recognized as an adjuvant with super spreading

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Lijuan Xie, Deying Li, Wenjuan Fang, and Kirk Howatt

sanguinalis ) under varying environmental conditions Pest Mgt. Sci. 65 640 644 Nalewaja, J.D. Praczyk, T. Matysiak, R. 1995 Surfactants and oil adjuvants with nicosulfuron Weed Technol. 9 689 695 Ounis, A. Wvain, S. Flexas, J. Tosti, S. Moya, I. 2001

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Karim M. Farag, Jiwan P. Palta, and Elden J. Stang

The application of ethanol for enhancing effectiveness of ethephon under field conditions on cranberry (Vaccinium macrocarpon Ait.) fruit was tested during three seasons (1986 to 1988). The formulation containing ethephon plus the surfactant Tergitol (0.3% or 0.5%, v/v) and ethanol (2.5%, 5%, or 10%) consistently increased anthocyanin content in the fruit by 28% to 54% over the control. In general, fruit size was not affected by the ethephon treatment containing ethanol and Tergitol. The application of ethephon plus surfactant did not increase the anthocyanin content in the fruit. The presence of ethanol in the ethephon and surfactant mixture, however, consistently enhanced the fruit anthocyanin content by 21% to 40% as compared to ethephon plus surfactant. No adverse effect of various treatments on vine growth or appearance was noticed over the three seasons. Chemical name used: (2-chloroethyl) phosphonic acid (ethephon).