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Norman B. Best, Xingang Wang, Scottie Brittsan, Eric Dean, Seth J. Helfers, Ryan Homburg, Mariah L. Mobley, Tiffeny L. Spindler, Bofan Xie, Menglu Zhang, Paul M. Hasegawa, Robert J. Joly, David Rhodes, and Brian P. Dilkes

phytohormones and determinants of plant height ( Hooley, 1994 ). Mutants altered in GA biosynthesis or signaling can exhibit a dwarf phenotype ( Helliwell et al., 1998 ; Peng et al., 1997 ). GA has been shown to control multiple aspects of sunflower growth and

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M. Kate Lee and Marc W. van Iersel

, 1990 ). Plant height of greenhouse bell peppers ( Capsicum annuum L.) decreased by as much as 49% and total leaf area by 82% with NaCl concentrations above 50 mmol·L −1 (2.92 g·L −1 ) ( Chartzoulakis and Klapaki, 2000 ). Vegetative growth of

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Inmaculada Moreno-Alías, Hava F. Rapoport, Rafael López, Lorenzo León, and Raúl de la Rosa

et al., 1976 ; Zimmerman, 1977 ) and, more recently, olive ( De la Rosa et al., 2006 ; Pritsa et al., 2003 ; Rallo et al., 2008 ). In this latter species, early elimination of plants with a long juvenile period is based on plant height measured

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Brian A. Krug, Brian E. Whipker, and Ingram McCall

for each of the 27 treatments. On 15 May, plant height (measured from the pot rim to the uppermost part of the plant) and plant diameter (measured at the widest dimension, turned 90°, and averaged) were recorded. Data analysis. Data were tested by

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Claudia Elkins and Marc W. van Iersel

five representative plants from each treatment, SLA was calculated by dividing total leaf area by total shoot dry weight, compactness was calculated by dividing shoot dry weight by plant height, leaf size was calculated as leaf area divided by the

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Xiaojie Zhao, Guihong Bi, Richard L. Harkess, Jac J. Varco, Tongyin Li, and Eugene K. Blythe

inflorescences stems and inflorescence stem length), plant height (average height of the three tallest fans), and SPAD reading (SPAD-502; Minolta Camera Co., Japan, one of the first two fully expended leaves was selected to measure SPAD reading) were collected

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Robert R. Shortell, William A. Meyer, and Stacy A. Bonos

selection. Plant height and rhizome spread are useful characteristics because a low-growing, aggressive spreading cultivar should be able to tolerate lower heights of cut, recover quickly, and fill in damaged areas ( Meyer and Funk, 1989 ). Leaf texture

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Anthony L. Witcher, Fulya Baysal-Gurel, Eugene K. Blythe, and Donna C. Fare

radiation of the container sidewall, which is the main source of heat buildup in nursery containers ( Ingram et al., 2015 ). Montague et al. (1992) reported that flowering dogwood had greater growth (plant height and stem diameter) when grown under black

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Israel S. Joukhadar, Stephanie J. Walker, and Paul A. Funk

contributed to improved mechanical harvest efficiency; however, additional research was needed to identify the most important determinants of mechanical harvest quality/efficiency, such as plant height, plant width, number of basal branches, basal stem

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Kelly M. Oates, Darren H. Touchell, and Thomas G. Ranney

, growth rate, flower and foliage color and shape, fruit characteristics, chemical composition, and resistance to diseases and pests ( Broertjes et al., 1988 ; Dao et al., 2006 ; van Harten, 1998 ). Radiation can affect plant height by reducing the number