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Richard L. Bell*, Tom van der Zwet, and Diane D. Miller

`Shenandoah' is a new European pear (Pyrus communis L.) cultivar which combines resistance to fire blight with fruit of excellent quality. The original seedling tree was selected in 1985 from a cross of `Max Red Bartlett'× US 56112-146, and was tested under the original seedling number, US 78304-057. The fruit of `Shenandoah' is pyriform in shape, and moderately large in size, averaging 72 mm in diameter and 92 mm in height. Skin color at harvest is light green, turning yellow-green when ripe. The skin finish is glossy, and 10% to 20% of the fruit surface is blushed red. There is light tan russet at the calyx. Lenticles are slightly conspicuous, and are surrounded by small, light brown russet. The stem is medium to long (≈25 mm), of medium thickness, and slightly curved. Harvest maturity occurs about four weeks after `Bartlett', and the fruit will store in refrigerated (-1 °C) air storage for at least four months without core breakdown or superficial scald. The flesh texture is moderately fine, juicy, and buttery. Grit cells are moderately small and occur primarily around the core and in a thin layer under the skin. The flavor is aromatic, similar to `Bartlett', and is moderately acidic during the first two months of storage, becoming subacid after longer storage. The tree is moderate in vigor on `Bartlett' seedling and `OHxF 97' rootstocks, and upright-spreading in habit. Shenandoah' blooms in mid-season, similar to `Bartlett'. Yield has been moderately high and precocious, and with no pronounced biennial pattern. Fire blight resistance is similar to `Seckel', with infections extending no further than 1-year-old branches. Artificial blossom inoculations indicate a moderate degree of blossom resistance to fire blight infection.

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A. Douglas Brede

‘Alpha’ and ‘T-1’ are two novel cultivars of creeping bentgrass ( Agrostis stolonifera L.) released in Oct. 2004 by Jacklin Seed by Simplot. Creeping bentgrass is a low-growing, stoloniferous monocot used almost exclusively on golf course putting

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Ling Wang, Yu-jia Liu, Nai-xin Liu, Yue Gong, Ya-nan Li, and Jing-hong Wang

. sanguinea f. albiflora is a variant of I. sanguinea , which grows in wetlands, wet meadows, or rivers in the Sanjiang wetland in the northeastern part of Heilongjiang (Zhao et al., 2000). We released a new I. sanguinea f. albiflora cultivar named

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Jer-Chia Chang

institute located in Miaoli (lat. 24°N), Taiwan, that is devoted to the study of mulberry for tree breeding, physiology, and cultivation. The new mulberry cultivar, ‘Miaoli No. 1’, has been patented and introduced as a fruit crop through the first commercial

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Craig E. Kallsen and Dan E. Parfitt

‘Famoso’ is a new male pistachio ( Pistacia vera L.) cultivar developed to replace ‘Peters’ in California ‘Kerman’ plantings. ‘Kerman’ is the primary female pistachio cultivar grown in California. ‘Kerman’ does not always flower on the same dates

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Xiaobo Song, Shengke Xi, Junpei Zhang, Qingguo Ma, Ye Zhou, Dong Pei, Huzhi Xu, and Jianwu Zhang

consistent phenotype with high grafting affinity to walnut, strong growth potential, high drought resistance, and high resistance to pest and disease. Consequently, in 2015, the new cultivar ‘ZNS’ was designated by the State Forestry Administration of the

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Michelle Wirthensohn

The almond [ Prunus dulcis Miller (D.A. Webb)] breeding program of the University of Adelaide began in 1997, with the objective of creating new superior cultivars with high productivity, good kernel quality, and self-fertility ( Wirthensohn and

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Carolina Uquillas, Eduardo Torres, Antonio Ibacache, and Bruno G. Defilippi

‘Iniagrape-one’ ( Vitis vinifera L. × Vitis vinifera L.) is a new and distinct midseason-ripening, blue–black table grape cultivar for export markets that stores well for up to three months under the proper conditions. This cultivar presents

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Doron Holland, Irit Bar-Ya’akov, and Kamel Hatib

, located in the Yizre’el Valley, Israel. The objective of our continuous breeding program is to develop new cultivars endowed with high production of good-quality fruits with special attention to very early- and late-ripening cultivars. ‘Emek’ was

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Wen-ji Xu, Feng-yang Yu, Qing-xiang Jia, Gang-jun Luo, and Xiao-ying Bi

officially authorized to release as ‘Sweet Princess’ by The American Iris Society in 2014. Description The experimental plot was located in Shenyang Agricultural University in Shenyang City. The new cultivar ‘Sweet Princess’ and its male and female parents