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Jane Kahia, Margaret Kirika, Hudson Lubabali, and Sinclair Mantell

importantly it offers potential environmentally friendly approach to the long-term control of coffee diseases and in production of organically grown coffee. The propagation of Ruiru 11 is by F 1 hybrid seed, production through hand artificial cross

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Griffin M. Bates, Sarah K. McNulty, Nikita D. Amstutz, Victor K. Pool, and Katrina Cornish

our study, is expensive, and commercially viable rubber dandelion will need to be direct-seeded. However, direct seeding would shorten the growing period by about 2 months (because the transplants are grown in greenhouses before the planting season

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Natalie R. Bumgarner, Mark A. Bennett, Peter P. Ling, Robert W. Mullen, and Matthew D. Kleinhenz

temperature differentials during some seasons ( Both et al., 2007 ; Knewtson et al., 2010 ). If true, stand establishment of direct-seeded lettuce could be promoted in high-tunnel systems during periods when low external temperatures would suppress it

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Marianne Andresen and Nina Cedergreen

ability to combat pests or of a direct action on the physiology of the treated plant, or both, is unknown. Therefore, the objective of this study was to investigate the growth-regulating potential of water extracts of TSP, one of the ingredients used in

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Wayne C. Porter and Richard L. Parish

criticism of similar ones not named. Hybrid `Headstart' seed for this study was provided by the Asgrow Seed Co. The cost of publishing this paper was defrayed in part by the payment of page charges. Under postal regulations, this paper therefore must be

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Garry G. Gordon, Wheeler G. Foshee III, Stewart T. Reed, James E. Brown, and Edgar L. Vinson III

represented a different block. Okra was direct-seeded into the field on 8 May 2003 and 28 Apr. 2004. A soil pH of 7.0 was recorded in Year 2003 and 6.2 in 2004. Treatments consisted of five mulch colors: black (BPM), white (WPM), red (RPM), silver (SPM) (all

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Joshua H. Freeman, Stephen M. Olson, and William M. Stall

( Cyperus esculentus ) with direct-seeded and transplanted watermelon ( Citrullus lanatus ) Weed Tech. 17 751 754 Duthie, J.A. Roberts, B.W. Edelson, J.V. Shrefler, J.W. 1999a Plant density

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Huan Xiong, He Sun, Feng Zou, Xiaoming Fan, Genhua Niu, and Deyi Yuan

; San-José et al., 2001 ). However, to date, there has been no efficient system for the micropropagation of chinquapin by using axillary shoots and cotyledonary nodes. Therefore, the objective of this study was to establish a direct organogenesis

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Elisha Otieno Gogo, Mwanarusi Saidi, Jacob Mugwa Ochieng, Thibaud Martin, Vance Baird, and Mathieu Ngouajio

Schmidt, 2006 ). Table 1. Mean monthly values of local climatic conditions during French bean production under agronets across two seasons (Sept. to Dec. 2012 and Jan. to Apr. 2013). Planting material French bean seeds of the cultivar Samantha were used

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Wayne C. Porter and Richard L. Parish

The initial investment of a precision seeder is cost prohibitive to many small vegetable growers. This study was initiated to evaluate the use of a relatively inexpensive bulk seeder to plant cabbage (Brassica oleracea L. Capitata). Cabbage was direct-seeded with a precision seeder or a relatively inexpensive bulk seeder. Treatments with the bulk seeder consisted of blending viable hybrid seed with nonviable, nonhybrid seed at several ratios to reduce hybrid seed cost and optimize plant spacing. Seed ratios represented 10, 20, 30, 40, 50, and 100% viable seed. Pre-thin plant stands of 30 and 40% hybrid seed treatments were similar to precision-seeded plant stands. Average head size was greatest with 10, 20, and 30% hybrid seed ratios. Marketable yields were similar for all hybrid seed ratios except the 10% ratio. Production costs per acre for the precision seeder were between that of the 40 and 50% ratios. Net income for 40% hybrid seed was similar to that of the precision seeder.