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Areej A. Alosaimi, Robert R. Tripepi, and Stephen L. Love

seed-based propagation difficulties. Vegetative propagation could provide an alternate tool for commercial production of these plants. Asexual plant propagation may be a viable option for producing plants with low seed germination rates and slow

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Chiu-Yueh Hung and Jiahua Xie

( Ziebur and Shrift, 1971 ). Both the A. racemosus and A. canadensis species used in the present study were in their report. When those calli were subcultured, they failed to regenerate plants despite that incompletely developed roots and shoots were

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Anthony M. Ortiz, Brent S. Sipes, Susan C. Miyasaka, and Alton S. Arakaki

when tissues are disrupted, forming isothiocyanates that are nematicidal ( Chitwood, 2002 ; McLeod and Steel, 1999 ; Oka, 2010 ). Aqueous extracts of Crotalaria species were reported to protect tomato ( Solanum lycopersicum L.) roots from

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David H. Suchoff, Christopher C. Gunter, and Frank J. Louws

Lorenzo, 2001 ; Lopez-Bucio et al., 2003 ). Hydroponic systems are designed to optimize growth by supplying roots with homogenous root zone resources. Consequently, translation of results from hydroponic studies, especially solution-based systems, to

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David R. Bryla and Robert G. Linderman

identified to species. Species identification was done at 10× to 40× magnification and was based on morphological characteristics of sexual and asexual structures observed in the isolates ( Stamps et al., 1990 ). Shoots and remaining roots from each plant

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Jen-An Lin and Yao-Chien Alex Chang

correctly interpreting the results of tissue analysis. Many orchids have enlarged stems called pseudobulbs, which can store water, carbohydrate, and minerals ( Ng and Hew, 2000 ). Phalaenopsis does not have pseudobulbs, but its succulent leaves and roots

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Yu Bai, Ying Zhou, Xiaoqing Tang, Yu Wang, Fangquan Wang, and Jie Yang

Isatis indigotica , a biennial herbaceous plant belonging to the Brassicaceae family, is distributed widely across the Chinese mainland. The dried leaves and roots of the plant, which are also known as “Ban-Lan-Gen” and “Da-Qing-Ye” in China, have

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Jinmin Fu and Peter H. Dernoeden

), disaccharide sucrose, and various starches and fructans ( Smith, 1972 ). Fructan can be hydrolyzed into fructose, which can be converted to glucose or used to form sucrose. Mono- and disaccharides are depleted during respiration, when new leaves and roots of

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Amy K. Freidig and Irwin L. Goldman

Oxalic acid (C 2 O 4 2− ) is a component of many commonly eaten foods and is of interest as a result of its antinutritive properties. Table beet, a vegetable crop grown for both its roots and leaves, is considered by the National Kidney Foundation

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Olivia Sanchez, Stephanie E. Burnett, and Bryan J. Peterson

into a soilless substrate is standard, research has demonstrated that leafy stem cuttings of woody plants can be propagated in environments that provide mist to the basal ends of the cuttings, with or without overhead mist. At the 14th annual meeting of