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Àngel Fernández i Martí, José M. Alonso, María T. Espiau, María J. Rubio-Cabetas, and Rafel Socias i Company

-producing regions, allowing the introduction of a large number of foreign cultivars, both traditional and releases from the breeding programs. Especially significant was the number of accessions provided by C. Grasselly from Institut National de la Recherche

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Akiko Watari, Toshio Hanada, Hisayo Yamane, Tomoya Esumi, Ryutaro Tao, Hideaki Yaegaki, Masami Yamaguchi, Kenji Beppu, and Ikuo Kataoka

.) D.A. Webb. ( Ushijima et al., 1998 )], sweet cherry [ P. avium L. ( Tao et al., 1999 )], sour cherry [ P. cerasus L. ( Yamane et al., 2001 )], japanese apricot [ P. mume Siebold & Zucc. ( Yaegaki et al., 2001 )], and apricot [ P. armeniaca L

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John W. Scott

for the seed packet trade. Thus, considerable breeding has taken place since the late 1800s and especially since the 1930s. A well-recognized constraint to present-day breeding efforts has been the narrow gene base and subsequent lack of polymorphisms

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Lei Gao, Shengjie Zhao, Xuqiang Lu, Nan He, and Wenge Liu

between cultivated watermelon inbred ‘203Z’ and wild watermelon subspecies ‘PI271769’. ‘203Z’ and ‘PI271769’, used as breeding line and germplasm resources, were conserved at the Zhengzhou Fruit Research Institute, Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences

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Xi Li, Dongqin Tang, and Yimin Shi

molecular markers linked to male sterility and self-compatibility in apricot J. Plant Breeding 119 2 157 – 160 Bastida, J. Lavilla, R. Viladomat, F. 2006 ChemInform abstract: Chemical and biological aspects of Narcissus alkaloids J. Alkaloids Chem. Biol. 63

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Júlia Halász, Attila Hegedűs, Zoltán Szabó, József Nyéki, and Andrzej Pedryc

.) ( Boškovic and Tobutt, 2001 ; Sonneveld et al., 2003 ; Tao et al., 1999 ), almond [ P. dulcis (Mill.) D.A. Webb.] ( Boškovic et al., 2003 ; Sánchez-Pérez et al., 2004 ; Tamura et al., 2000 ), apricots ( P. armeniaca L. and P. mume Sieb. et Zucc

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Kim E. Hummer

centers of origin (diversity) for cultivated crop plants ( Vavilov, 1992 ), and the concept of genetic erosion, have directed present-day global plant science, breeding, and conservation efforts ( Hummer and Hancock, 2015 ). He realized not only that wild

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Craig E. Kallsen and Dan E. Parfitt

‘Gumdrop’ is an open-pollinated offspring of female seedling ‘B15-69’, located in a selection plot near Famoso, CA, with 1410 seedlings, described in Chao et al. (1998) . ‘B15-69’ was developed as part of the Parfitt, Kallsen, and Maranto breeding

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Ossama Kodad and Rafel Socias i Company

establish the value of spurs as a production trait and their value in the evaluation of new releases in almond breeding programs. Materials and Methods Nine cultivars and 48 self-compatible selections ( Table 1 ) from the almond breeding program of the

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Thomas G. Beckman, Jose X. Chaparro, and Wayne B. Sherman

established. Compatibility was poor when grafted with ‘Non Pareil’ or ‘Mission’ almond scions and also with the apricot selection CVN5A. Availability ‘Sharpe’ has been released in the public domain. Neither the USDA-ARS nor the University of Florida